Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 86 - 95 of 398

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Question 86

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Discuss David Easton՚s model of systems analysis.

Explanation

David Easton

David Easton is a Canadian political scientist famous for his study of the state and its machinery.

Eastons System Analysis

Easton՚S System Analysis

  • His use of systems analysis is still the most famous of all other systems analyses.
  • Systems analysis started becoming popular from the 1960՚s when study of computers and algorithms started to e…

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Question 87

Participatory and Deliberative
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Essay▾

Difference between participatory and deliberative democracy

Explanation

Participatory and Deliberative Democracy

  • Democracy is a system of governance where laws are created with consent of the people.
  • There are several kinds of democracies such as representative, participatory (direct) , deliberative, social or socialist/Marxist democracy.
  • Participatory democracy is also called direct democracy as in this, people directly …

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Question 88

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss Gramsci՚s notion of ‘organic intellectuals’ .

Explanation

Gramsci՚S Notion of ‘Organic Intellectuals’

  • Antonio Gramsci was an Italian Marxist scholar who made seminal contributions in the field of revolution and civil society.
  • He wrote extensively on Italian history, reasons for the rise of Fascism and failure of Marx՚s predicted revolution.
  • Karl Marx and the orthodox school of Marxism had said that the appro…

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Question 89

National and Regional Political Parties
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Account for the rise of the regional parties and assess their role in contemporary India.

Explanation

Rise of the Regional Parties and Their Role in Contemporary India

  • A political party is an organisation that seeks to organise people behind itself, contest elections and attain state power.
  • In India, there are two kinds of parties, central and state parties.
  • In order to be called a state party, one has to:
    • Win at least three percent of seats or three s…

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Question 90

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Compare and contrast the views of Kautilya and Machiavelli on statecraft.

Explanation

Kautilya and Machiavelli on Statecraft

  • Kautilya and Machiavelli are well known realists in political science.
  • Kautilya is widely known as the author and compiler of Arthashastra, the ancient Indian treatise on statecraft.
  • Niccolo Machiavelli is an Italian political philosopher of the Renaissance Age of the 15th century.
  • Kautilya in his Arthashastra tea…

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Question 91

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Critically analyse the discretionary powers of the Governor in the Indian constitution.

Explanation

Kerala Governor: Arif Mohammad Khan

Kerala Governor: Arif Mohammad Khan

Discretionary Powers of the Governor in the Indian Constitution

  • Article 153 of the Indian constitution states that all Indian states shall have a Governor.
  • The executive power of the state shall be exercised through the Governor on advice from Chief Minister and his Council of Mini…

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Question 92

Changing Nature of Centre-State Relations
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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Cooperative Federalism in India

Explanation

Cooperative Federalism in India

  • The constitution of India mandates the Republic of India to be a state with federal features.
  • India is not a federation of independent states but a union of states.
  • Such a political structure was designed to accommodate the massive diversity of ethnicities and linguistic groups which have their own history and tradition…

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Question 93

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss relationship between base and superstructure in Marxist theory.

Explanation

Base and Superstructure in Marxist Theory

  • Karl Marx was a Prussian political philosopher and scholar who wrote extensively on matters of capital, labour, state and economic classes.
  • The basis of all his theories was historical materialism and dialectics based on which he explained the relations between classes.
  • Dialectics refers to the relationship be…

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Question 94

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the features of pre-Marxist socialist theory.

Explanation

Features of Pre-Marxist Socialist Theory

  • Socialism is a socio political ideology that advocates for social to collective ownership of wealth or means of production.
  • While Marx is often called a “scientific socialist” the precursors of Marx were called utopian socialists.
  • Examples of utopian socialists are Robert Owen, Charles Fourier and Proudhon.
  • Robe…

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Question 95

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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“Identity politics has trumped development politics in India” . Elaborate.

Explanation

Identity Politics and Development Politics in India

  • India is the seventh largest country in the world with over 1.2 billion people.
  • It is also one of the most diverse countries in the world with over 5000 ethnic and sub ethnic groups.
  • These social groups have distinct languages, dialects, diet, clothing, culture etc.

Rajni Kothari

The Rajni Kothari
  • They …

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