Optionals IAS Mains Political Science: Questions 1 - 10 of 398

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 398 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 850.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 1

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Decline of Indian Parliament

Explanation

The Decline of Indian Parliament

The Decline of Indian Parliament

Loading image

Decline of Indian Parliament

  • The Indian Parliament is the apex legislative body of the country.
  • It is a bicameral body comprising of a Lower House (Lok Sabha) and Upper House (Rajya Sabha)
  • The members of the Lok Sabha are elected directly by the people through General Elections, while members of the Rajy

… (337 more words) …

Question 2

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Comment on the following in approximately 150 words:

”Personal is Political”

Explanation

”Personal is Political”

  • Personal is Political was a statement coined by left wing socialists and feminists in the 1960’s.
  • It was coined as a counter to the growing influence of the liberal philosophy.
  • Liberal philosophy holds that it is the individual and not the community or collective that matters in the society.
  • It holds that all individuals are bor

… (423 more words) …

Question 3

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Significance of the Preamble

Explanation

The Constitution of India

The Constitution of India

Loading image

Preamble and Its Significance

  • The Preamble is the introductory page of the Indian Constitution.
  • Even though it is not considered an article of the Constitution, it is an essential part of the Constitution.
  • The Preamble is not a legally enforceable document, however, it is undeniable that every law passed by the

… (347 more words) …

Question 4

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain as per Gramsci, the distinction between hegemony and domination.

Explanation

Gramsci- Distinction between Hegemony and Domination

  • Antonio Gramsci was a Marxist writer and Italian politician.
  • He attempted to explain why Marx’s predicted revolution did not happen.
The Antonio Gramsci

The Antonio Gramsci

Loading image

Antonio Gramsci

  • Marx had earlier predicted that the contradictions between bourgeois and proletariat would lead to a violent conflict

… (314 more words) …

Question 5

Ideological and Social Bases of Parties
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain to what extent has the concept of one party dominance model has influenced Indian policy.

Explanation

Concept of One Party Dominance Model

  • Harold Laski once said that the difference between a democracy and authoritarianism is the number of political parties that are allowed to compete.
  • Parties are organisations that represent the political aspirations of various socio-economic groups.
  • They assimilate the demands of the people belonging to a particular

… (414 more words) …

Question 6

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Comment on the following in approximately 150 words:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan as a moderniser.

Explanation

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan as a Moderniser

  • Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was a renowned Islamic scholar, historian and the founding member of the Aligarh literary movement.
  • As a young man, he had witnessed first hand, the Revolt of 1857 and the atrocities inflicted by the British on Muslims.
  • His efforts were directed towards bringing the Muslims and British closer by

… (381 more words) …

Question 7

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Discuss in what context can Marx’s understanding of the state can be considered as materialistic.

Explanation

Marx’s Understanding of the State

  • The state is an administrative mechanism that imposes values or goods authoritatively in a society.
  • It maintains an absolute monopoly over force to impose values that are universally accepted as true.
  • Marx and Engels see the state through the lenses of economic classes.
  • Marx saw all human history as a process that invo

… (412 more words) …

Question 8

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Analyse as per Kautilya, the Saptanga theory of state.

Explanation

Kautilya’s Saptanga Theory of State

  • Kautilya is credited to be the author of the ancient Sanskrit text, the Arthashastra.
  • The Arthashastra is a treatise on the politics and economy and explains the different elements of state sovereignty.
  • It describes the state as an organic body which has limbs. These limbs are the seven organs or Saptanga.
  • The first

… (398 more words) …

Question 9

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Compare and contrast the Chipko Movement with the Narmada Bachao Andolan.

Explanation

The Chipko Movement

  • Chipko Movement and Narmada Bachao Andolan are two of the most popular grassroots movements for environmental conservation.
  • Both of them managed to captivate the public and raise awareness.
  • Chipko Movement happened in 1972 in the Tehri region of Uttaranchal.
  • The state government had given authority to a contractor to cut trees indis

… (360 more words) …

Question 10

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2013

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Comment on the following in approximately 150 words:

Sri Aurobindo’s idea of freedom

Explanation

Sri Aurobindo’s Idea of Freedom

  • Aurobindo Ghosh or Sri Aurobindo was an Indian revolutionary and the founder of Anushilan Samiti.
  • He was also a renowned philosopher who wrote on matters of politics and governance.
  • Sri Aurobindo became famous for his attacks on the moderates, who believed in cooperation with the British.
The Sri Aurobindo

The Sri Aurobindo

Loading image

… (331 more words) …