Optionals IAS Mains Philosophy: Questions 60 - 68 of 104

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Question 60

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Appeared in Year: 2007

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Short Answer▾

State and discuss Locke՚s views on Substance. (Marks 60)

Question 61

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

State and evaluate the Personalistic and impersonalistic aspects of God.

Explanation

Personalistic God

A Personal God
  • A personal god is a deity who can be related to as a person instead of as an impersonal force, such as the Absolute, “the All” , or the “Ground of Being” .
  • In the scriptures of the Abrahamic religions, God is described as being a personal creator, speaking in the first person and showing emotion such as anger and pride…

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Question 62

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Do rights make citizens accountable to the state? Argue in the context of present Indian scenario

Explanation

Rights and Citizens

  • Every state or country provides its citizens with some fundamental civil rights such as personal rights, religious rights, social rights, moral rights, economic rights, and political rights, etc. A right is a liberty that is protected by the state, such as the right to free speech and religion.
  • Rights are given to the citizens for…

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Question 63

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Does liberty put limitations to equality? Discuss.

Explanation

Liberty and Limitations to Equality

Thomas Jefferson
  • Equality and freedom are directly opposed — the more you have of one, the less you have of the other. As historians Will and Ariel Durant testify in The Lessons of History, “freedom and equality are sworn and everlasting enemies, and when one prevails the other dies.”
  • How can this be the case? I thi…

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Question 64

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Evaluate Mahatma Gandhi as a political anarchist.

Explanation

Mahatma Gandhi as a Political Anarchist

  • Anarchy is about abolishing hierarchy. According to the original, Greek meaning of the word, Anarchy stands to create a world where there is no separation between the rulers and the ruled — a place where everyone rules themselves. (Anarchy in Greek means without rulers.) An anarchic vision of society is nonvio…

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Question 65

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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How far can religious experience be made a topic of public discourse? Analyse.

Explanation

Religious Experience and Public Discourse

  • The stigma of most of the world՚s religious institutions as outdated or brimming with controversy has caused many to disregard its arguments particularly on topics such as same-sex marriage.
  • In turn, the logic by a person commonly goes as follows, “I don՚t think God exists, and your argument is rooted in a be…

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Question 66

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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How would a religious person deny the possibility of a religion without God? Discuss.

Explanation

A Religious Person and the Possibility of a Religion Without God

  • To answer this question, we must first understand the phrase- religious person. What do you mean by a religious person? A religious person is one who follows his religion with full commitment and has complete devotion towards his God.
  • Now what is religion? Religion is an organized colle…

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Question 67

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What role do the concepts of evil and profane play to provide a firm foundation to religion?

Explanation

Evil, Profane and a Firm Foundation to Religion

  • Imagine a plant. When it is small, when it is not matured, it needs fencing in order to protect itself from the animals who may harm it in the absence of any fencing. But does the plant need the fencing forever? No. It just needs it until it is matured enough to have enough strength that it cannot be h…

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Question 68

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Expound and explain the central problem in the discussion between religious pluralist and religious exclusivist.

Explanation

Religious Pluralism

  • Religious pluralism is the view that more than one religion is correct, and that no religion enjoys a special status in relation to the ultimate.
  • Religious pluralist appear to have two central motivations. First, pluralists find value and connectedness with the transcendent in the religious experiences and moral teachings of many …

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