Optionals IAS Mains Philosophy: Questions 43 - 50 of 104

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Question 43

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss the relationship between man and God according to anyone of the religions in India.

Explanation

Relationship between Man and God According to Islam

  • There is no god but one God and Muhammad is the Prophet of God: this simple sentence is the bedrock of the Islamic creed. God is the Creator; to Him alone therefore belongs the kingdom and He is the only sovereign.
  • God is the Creator. To him alone, therefore, as his only Lord and Master, man must su…

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Question 44

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Appeared in Year: 2007

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Write short note on Plato՚s recollection theory of knowledge. (Marks 20)

Explanation

Plato՚S Recollection Theory of Knowledge

  • As per Plato՚s theory of ideas, forms or ideas are knowledge. Ideas are universals and reals. All humans have all ideas, but have forgotten it. Here Plato gives theory of recollection
  • According to Plato we need to recollect ideas already in us. Ideas can be known through cognition and rational insight and they…

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Question 45

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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John Locke said that ‘No man՚s knowledge can go beyond his experience’ . Discuss critically the implications of this statement. (Marks 12)

Explanation

John Locke “No Man՚S Knowledge Can Go Beyond His Experience”

  • John Locke refuted the theory of innate ideas and believed that all the knowledge originated from the ideas which we get from our experiences. He said that our mind, at the beginning is usually blank, like a white board (Tabula rasa) , which gets impression with our experiences. These impr…

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Question 46

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Examine whether there is any difference between the views of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar on the philosophical foundations of secular democracy.

Explanation

Views of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar on Secular Democracy

  • When the amendment motion of the constitution was moved by Prof Shah for the inclusion of the word “secular” in the constitution then the Baba Saheb replied that the amendment is purely superfluous. That Prof. Shah, does not seem to have taken into account the fact that apart f…

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Question 47

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Can there be a philosophical argument to support violence in the name of religion? Discuss.

Explanation

Violence in the Name of Religion

  • We are witnessing a dangerous trend in the world of the rising violence in the name of religion. People and organizations, we see, are encouraging the gruesome acts of violence by invoking religion. They are killing a person only because he belongs to a different religion. They are killing the innocent՚s lives becaus…

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Question 48

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Does capital punishment weaken the doctrine of social justice? Discuss.

Explanation

Capital Punishment and the Doctrine of Social Justice

The Doctrine of Social Justice
  • Abolitionists believe capital punishment is the worst violation of human rights, because the right to life is the most important, and capital punishment violates it without necessity and inflicts to the condemned a psychological torture.
  • Human rights activists oppose …

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Question 49

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Appeared in Year: 2011

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How does Plato relate the world of ideas to the empirical world? Discuss. (Marks 15)

Explanation

Plato and the World of Ideas to the Empirical World

  • Greek philosopher Plato propounded his theory of ideas for explaining unity & diversity, being & becoming an eternity and changeable nature. Acc. to him ideas are the ultimate reality and independent, eternal in nature. Ideas have real existence in the transcendental world not in empirical world be…

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Question 50

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Is corruption not a form of mass violence? Discuss.

Explanation

Corruption and Mass Violence

Is Corruption Not a Form of Mass Violence

A mass violence event can take many forms but can generally be defined as an intentional violent criminal act that results in physical, emotional, or psychological injury to a large number of people.

What Does Mass Violence Look Like?

  • Mass violence can look a variety of ways. Althou…

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