Optionals IAS Mains Philosophy: Questions 35 - 42 of 76

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Question 35

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What are Syllogistic Fallacies of Logic? Explain the formal fallacies in detail.

Explanation

Syllogistic Fallacies

  • In Logic, a deductive argument is valid when the conclusion follows from the premises. But there are multiple instances when a syllogism fails to establish its conclusion logically and thus renders itself invalid. It is important to be able to point out the mistakes occurring in such syllogisms. These are known as syllogistic f

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Question 36

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Secular ethics cannot fully resolve as to why one should be moral all the time. Examine.

Explanation

Secular Ethics

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

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  • There are those who argue that any attempt to arrive at a philosophical ethics or a basis for morality that is independent of religion is bound to failure.
  • This is so because with secular ethics there is no fundamental motive to be good. Others disagree and argue that a morality based on fear of punishment

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Question 37

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What are the descriptive and normative perspectives on ideas of multiculturalism?

Explanation

Ideas of multiculturalism

Ideas of Multiculturalism

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Multiculturalism: A Normative Perspective

  • The term ‘multiculturalism’ can also be used to refer to a kind of policy. This kind of policy has two main characteristics. First, it aims at addressing the different demands of cultural groups. That is, it is a kind of policy that refers to the different normative c

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Question 38

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Is religion a uniting force for humanity in the globalizing world as of today? Discuss.

Explanation

Religion and the Uniting Force

Religion and globalization persistently engage

Religion and Globalization Persistently Engage

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  • Religion and globalization persistently engage in a flexible relationship in which the former relies on the latter in order to thrive and flourish while at the same time challenging its (globalisation’s) hybridising effects. Globalization–due to the advent o

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Question 39

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Appeared in Year: 2004

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Write a note on: Dehatmavada of Charvakas? (300 Words)

Explanation

Dehatmavada of Charvakas

  • In epistemology, Charvaka has accepted only perception as source of valid knowledge or prama and has refuted transcendental entities – one of them being soul. According to him soul is eternal, permanent, immortal and independent because it is not perceived, although he accepted consciousness but not connected it with soul bu

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Question 40

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Appeared in Year: 2012

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Critically examine John Locke’s categorization of primary and secondary qualities and explain the problem it posed for later empiricist. (Marks 15)

Explanation

John Locke’s Categorisation of Primary and Secondary Qualities

  • John Locke was an empiricist who believed in representational realism. He said that the supposed support of the qualities provided us with two types of qualities: primary qualities which were not subjective and were a part of the object (Eg. Solidity, extension etc. ). Second, secondary

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Question 41

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Does a devoted commitment to a religious way of life make man go astray from social morality? Examine.

Explanation

Devoted Commitment to a Religious Way of Life

Illustration 1 for IAS Mains Optional Philosophy Q …

Illustration 1 for IAS Mains Optional Philosophy Q …

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  • In the history of human thoughts, there has been a long standing debate on the relationship between religion and morality. After studying all the theories and ideas given by the various thinkers at least one feature of this debate emerge

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Question 42

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

How far do you think John Rawls is continuing with Plato’s concept of justice?

Explanation

John Rawls and Plato’s Concept of Justice

Plato’s concept of justice

Plato’s Concept of Justice

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  • Plato’s conception of justice is informed by his conviction that everything in nature is part of a hierarchy, and that nature is ideally a vast harmony, a cosmic symphony, every species and every individual serving a purpose. In this vision, anarchy is the supreme vi

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