Sources: Archaeological Sources [Optionals IAS Mains History]: Questions 1 - 8 of 27

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Question 1

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Indigenous
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Delineate the importance given to hygiene given by Harappan settlers on the basis of archaeological findings.

Explanation

Hygiene Given by Harappan Settlers

The Harappan civilization mentioned as the emergence of very first civilization in India.

Harappan Civilization
  • The archaeological evidences suggest the settlers had a high civic sense regarding hygiene.
  • The water management of Harappan cities was advanced. The drainage were covered. The drains had man hole for cleani…

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Question 2

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Literature
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain the ancient plays and dramas as source of ancient Indian history.

Explanation

Ancient Indian History

Ancient Plays and Dramas

The ancient Indian history gets a new dimension from the point of view of ancient plays and dramas.

  • The plays and dramas meant for the public viewing give a closer look of society and its practices.
  • The Mahabhasya of patanjali contains the earliest references to drama. It is regarded as highest achievemen…

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Question 3

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Indigenous
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Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Assess the pattern of settlement, economy, social organization and religion of India during 2000 to 500 BC from archaeological evidences.

Explanation

India During 2000 to 500 BC

Settlements

  • If we see the evidence so in India settlement belonging to the chalcolithic phase is found in south-eastern Rajasthan, the western part of Madhya Pradesh, western Maharashtra and also in Southern and Eastern India.
  • In south-eastern Rajasthan, two sites, one at Ahar and other at Gilund, have been excavated. They …

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Question 4

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Chinese
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the information of Fa-hien about the political, religious, social, and economic condition of India?

Explanation

Fa-Hien

  • Fa-Hien and Yuan Chwang they both came to India in Gupta՚s period. Both beliefs in Buddhism or they are Buddhist monk.
  • They came to India to explore more about Buddhist texts and places related to Buddhism and to acquire authentic Buddhist scriptures.
  • The various aspects of his empire i.e.. political, religious, social, and economic, were clea…

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Question 5

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Arab Writers
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Attempt a critical essay on the Indian science and civilization in the light of Alberuni՚s writing. What merits and drawbacks find in his accounts?

Explanation

Alberuni՚S Writing

  • Alberuni discovered so many things related science to keep civilization under its thought.
  • So if we see the discoveries in science in many fields by Alberuni so they are-

Astronomy

  • Important contributions to astronomy, geodesy, and geography were made by al-Biruni. By age 30, he had applied the most advanced science to calculate the …

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Question 6

Sources: Archaeological Sources
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Development from Mesolithic to Neolithic was revolutionary. Explain.

Explanation

Development from Mesolithic to Neolithic

  • Before understanding this ages we need to understand first that from where its came.
  • It comes from the end of Palaeolithic age, in this time in the climate, we see sudden changes it becomes warmer gradually after the ending of ice age.
  • Glaciers started melting, and some animals who lives in warmth suddenly star…

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Question 7

Sources: Archaeological Sources
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Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Assess the role of guilds and trade organizations in the development of early Indian economy.

Explanation

Role of Guilds and Trade Organizations

  • Shrenis or guilds formed an important feature of economic life of people in ancient India.
  • Shreni was more in nature of group of professionals. Merchants or artisans who worked in an association.
The Indian and Pakistan Coins

Development of Early Indian Economy

  • Mahavastu and Milendpanho mention 75 different occupat…

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Question 8

Sources: Archaeological Sources
Chinese
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the information of Fahien about the political, religious, social and economic conditions of India. Make a comparative study of his account with that of Yuan Chawang.

Explanation

Fahien About the Political, Religious, Social and Economic Conditions of India

  • Fahien was a Chinese monk. He travelled India during age of Chandra Gupta Vikramaditya.
  • He travelled during C 399 - 414. His travelogues give a fine impression about Chandra Gupta՚s empire.
  • Different aspects of his empire, i.e.. political, religious, social and economic, we…

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