Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 64 - 72 of 309

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 309 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 800.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 64

Causes and Consequences
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘The Brussels Treaty of 17 March, 1948 paved the way for the formation of NATO’. Discuss.

Explanation

The Brussels Treaty of 17 March, 1948

  • During the World War II, Britain, US and the USSR had fought against fascist countries.
  • Relation between Britain, US and the USSR began to deteriorate and came to be characterized by what is called the Cold War, after the war conflict began to emerge between Britain and the US on the one hand and the USSR on the

… (333 more words) …

Question 65

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2010

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What role did the economics play in the early phase of the British rule in shaping of land tenure policy? (30 marks)

Explanation

Role of Economics in the Early Phase of the British Rule

  • Economic Ideas played important role in shaping of land tenure during early British rule since it can be seen by the influence of physiocrats in permanent settlement and utilitarian in Ryotwari.
  • Since 1770 i. e. even before Cornwallis arrived, European observers like Alexander Dow and Henry Pat

… (276 more words) …

Question 66

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write a detailed note on ‘Mansabdari System’

Explanation

Mansabdari System

  • “Mansab” is an Arabic word which means a post, an officer a rank, or status. Mansabdar means an officer or holder of the rank, status, and post.
  • Before Akbar, there was no division of civil and military functions of the state. The soldiers had to fight in war & perform duty of police in the state. They were required to perform civil

… (965 more words) …

Question 67

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Give your opinion on the urban development in India during the Mughal times.

Explanation

Urban Development in India During the Mughal Times

  • 3rd urbanization of India began with Turko-Afghans. The need for ruling over provinces led to some Turko-Afghan officials & nobles being stationed in different provinces of the state.
  • Iqta system enabled Iqta-holders & officials to possess large sums of money. Since Iqtas were not inheritable, upper

… (703 more words) …

Question 68

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Assess the role of guilds and trade organizations in the development of early Indian economy.

Explanation

Role of Guilds and Trade Organizations

  • Shrenis or guilds formed an important feature of economic life of people in ancient India.
  • Shreni was more in nature of group of professionals. Merchants or artisans who worked in an association.
The indian and pakistan coins

The Indian and Pakistan Coins

Loading image

Development of Early Indian Economy

  • Mahavastu and Milendpanho mention 75 d

… (345 more words) …

Question 69

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How did Ashoka contribute to the moral and administrative welfare of his people?

Explanation

Ashoka Contribution

  • Asoka occupies highest position of honour, among monarchs who ruled mankind.
  • Asoka’s place in history was determined by 3 main factors: his unique role as a ruler, his remarkable achievement as a missionary, and for his lasting contribution to human civilization.
The Edicts of Ashoka

The Edicts of Ashoka

Loading image

As a Ruler

  • It was his humanitarian

… (1516 more words) …

Question 70

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is the evidence that signify the trade relation of Harappan people?

Explanation

Harappan People and the Trade Relations

  • Sumerian and Akkadian traders were active in Gulf. Harappan material began to appear in Mesopotamia in early days of Indus civilization- Carnelian beads are known from some of graves in Royal Cemetery at Ur, dated between 2600 and 2450 BC.
  • By late 24th century, Harappans were sailing through me Gulf right up to

… (1092 more words) …

Question 71

Conquests and Territorial Expansion
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine critically the agrarian and economic reforms of Alauddin Khalji. How did it strengthen the Sultanate?

Explanation

Agrarian and Economic Reforms of Alauddin Khilji

  • Agrarian and Economic reforms by Allauddin was for strengthening the state.
  • The tax collectors were instructed to extract money from every kind of pretext.
  • With regard to Hindu chiefs and revenue collectors, special economic pressure (banned Kismat-i-Khote) was applied so as to grind them down to abject

… (253 more words) …

Question 72

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write brief note on Chauth and Sardeshmukhi System.

Explanation

Chauth and Sardeshmukhi System

  • Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were 2 types of taxes collected in particularly Maratha Empire during medieval times. These taxes became important sources of revenue for Maratha administration.
  • Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were not introduced by Maratha and they were not original sources of revenue for them.
  • In 1664 and 1670, Shivaji

… (344 more words) …