Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 57 - 63 of 309

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Question 57

Causes and Consequences
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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Critically examine the various dimensions and phases of the cold war between 1947 and 1962.

Explanation

Various Dimensions and Phases of the Cold War between 1947 and 1962

  • Significant result of the World War II was the division of the world into 2 power blocs:
    • Led by the US
    • Led by the Soviet Union
  • 2 blocs got engaged in a long period of war known as the cold war. The war got angry with varying intensity for 4 decades after the end of the World War II.
  • Tho…

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Question 58

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Furnish a critical and comparative account of various schools of art in the Post-Mauryan period (c. 200 B. C. – c. 300 A. D.)

Explanation

Post Mauryan Period

  • In Post Mauryan period Gandhara, Mathura in North India and Amaravati in South India emerged as most prominent centers of art production.
  • Gandhara School of art and Mathura school of art were promoted by Kushanas whereas Amaravati School of art was promoted by Satavahanas. They were unique in their nature and they reflect the prev…

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Question 59

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

The Permanent Settlement of land revenue in Bengal was a “bold, brave and wise measure” Comment (250 Words)

Explanation

Permanent Settlement of Land Revenue in Bengal

  • East India Company had introduced Permanent Settlement of Bengal, which was headed by Governor-General Lord Cornwallis in 1793.
  • This was an agreement between the company and the Zamindars to fix the land revenue.
  • Agreement was 1st enacted in Bengal, Bihar and Odisha; later this was followed in northern Ma…

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Question 60

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Essay▾

Do you think that Civil Disobedience movement was more intense than Non-cooperation movement?

Explanation

Civil Disobedience Movement and Non-Cooperation Movement

  • Among the major mass movements in the colonial period, the Non-cooperation movement of 1920 - 22 and Civil Disobedience movement of 1930 - 34 holds unique place in the history of the national movement.
  • A comparison of the two movements in terms of their objectives, plan of action, participation…

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Question 61

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Appeared in Year: 2003

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Essay▾

“Absentee landlordism was a consequential feature of Bengal՚s Permanent Settlement” (20 marks)

Explanation

Absentee Landlordism and Bengal՚S Permanent Settlement

  • Permanent settlement was introduced in 1793 on the recommendations of Sir John Shore Committee by Lord Cornwallis.
  • This has brought in property rights in India, which was till then had community rights rather than individual property.
The Permanent Settlement Act
  • In this system, land was auctioned …

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Question 62

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Discuss salient features of the indus Valley Civilization. Mention important places from where relics of civilization have been recovered so far. 1999 60M

Explanation

Indus Valley Civilization

  • Various researches have linked significantly the origin of Indus Valley civilization to the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh. Mehrgarh lies on “Kachi Plain” of Baluchistan in Pakistan is a Neolithic site.
  • Mehrgarh was a centre of transformation from the hunter gatherer to farming (wheat & barley are found) & herding (cattle, sheep…

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Question 63

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

“At the news of the Declaration of Independence crowds gathered to cheer, fire guns and cannon and ring church bells in Philadelphia. Boston and other places, but there were many people in America who did not rejoice” . Comment. (250 Words)

Explanation

Declaration of Independence

  • Declaration of Independence was proclaimed during American Revolutionary war. The war had not been won. Declaration was accepted by 13 colonies & United States was born.
  • During that time, American society was divided. It consisted of colonists, Native Americans, blacks etc. Colonists were themselves divided into supporters…

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