Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 49 - 56 of 309

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Question 49

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Analyze the factors leading to the end of the Cold War and account for the U. S. ascendancy in the world.

Explanation

Factors Leading to the End of the Cold War

  • The end of the Cold War was a momentous development, a watershed in world politics that was both sudden and largely unexpected – and its twentieth anniversary is at hand.
  • This cluster of events – the end of bipolar rivalry, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the unification of Germany, far-reaching nuclear ar

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Question 50

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Trace the factors, which led to a split in the Indian National Congress in 1907. What was its impact on the course of the nationalist movement?

Explanation

Factors of Division of Indian National Congress

Exposure of the True Nature of the British Rule

Economic policy led to the ruin of Indian industries, poverty, and unemployment.

Reactionary Policy of Lord Curzon

  • Deadly opposed to Indian Nationalism Curzon’s Indian Universities Act imposed strict official control over them.
  • He passed the official secrets

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Question 51

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Analyze the factors for the collapse of Soviet Communism and Soviet Union during 1985 - 1991.

Explanation

Collapse of Soviet Union and Soviet Communism During 1985 - 1991

  • This collapse were happened in 1991 so this was a e most rapid and unexpected major social transformation of the twentieth century. The collapse was threefold destruction of the Communist party elimination of the state socialist economic system, and dissolution of Soviet nation-state.
  • D

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Question 52

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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The British conquest of Sind was both political and moral sequel to the first Afghan war. Comment (1995)

Explanation

The British Conquest of Sindh was a Political Sequel to the First Afghan War

  • Disaster in the First Afghan War forced the British to find a scapegoat. They blamed Sindh for complicity with Afghans during the First Afghan War and decided to punish Sindh.
  • After the defeat from Afghan in the wake of first Afghan war, British planned and accomplished the

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Question 53

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Social and economic conditions of North India during the Pre-Mauryan period (600 - 325 B. C. )

Explanation

Social and Economic Conditions of North India During Pre-Mauryan Period

  • North Indian society & economy experienced a process of transition during Pre- Mauryan period.
  • Old view of regarding the non- Aryans as devils and demons was given up and away was found to absorb any number of them into Aryan fold without Aryans destroying their own identity.
  • The

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Question 54

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Discuss the changing approaches to the study of early Indian history.

Explanation

Early Indian History and Changing Approaches

  • The modern research regarding early Indian history started in the 18th century because of the needs of the colonial administration set up by the British.
  • Manusmriti was translated into English as the Code of Gentoo laws in 1776. The initial efforts culminated with establishment of the Asiatic Society of Be

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Question 55

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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‘If monarchical misrule ignited the French Revolution, lofty ideas both inspired and sustained it’ (200 words; 1997,2002)

Explanation

Monarchical Misrule Ignited the French Revolution

  • The monarchical misrule & ideas of the great thinkers and philosophers had ignited the French Revolution.
The King Louis XVI

The King Louis XVI

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  • Despotic rule in France was exploitative and the income of the state in France was considered as the income for the ruler. The rulers claimed that they had divine

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Question 56

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Appeared in Year: 2007

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Examine the major factors shaping the British land revenue policy in India. How it affected Indian society? (60 marks)

Explanation

British Land Revenue Policy in India

  • British introduced different types of land revenue policies in India during their rule like permanent settlement, Ryotwari system.
  • Different major factors were responsible in shaping British Land Revenue Policy in India.
The Land Revenue System

The Land Revenue System

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Factors Related to British Land-Revenue Policies in Indi

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