Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 301 - 308 of 309

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Question 301

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Attempts of Bahadur Shah for Consolidation of His Position: Bahadur Shah and Marathas, Evaluation of Bahadur Shah

Explanation

Attempts of Bahadur Shah for Consolidation of His Position

Bahadur Shah and Marathas

  • Towards Marathas, Bahadur Shah pursued a very inconsistent strategy. Sahu, Shambhaji՚s son, was allowed to leave by Aazam the Mughal camp when the war of succession out broke.
  • He expected it to give rise to civil war in Maharashtra because, at that time, Tara Bai had …

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Question 302

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Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali: Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) , Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali on India, Removal of Ahmad Shah

Explanation

Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali

Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754)

  • On April 28th A. D. 1748, after the death of Muhammad Shah, his son Ahmad Shah was enthroned who adopted the title of Muzahis-ud-din Ahmad Shah Ghazi and used this title in the Khutba and on his coins. He was not a wise king. He ignored the affairs of the empire as he…

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Question 303

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Attempts of Bahadur Shah for Consolidation of His Position: Bahadur Shah՚s Relations with Rajputs, Bahadur Shah and Sikhs

Explanation

Attempts of Bahadur Shah for Consolidation of His Position

  • Bahadur Shah held a splendid court after winning the throne and crushing his opponents and giving presents and gifts to his family and followers.
  • He also showered titles on his supporters. Due to his liberal views, his favourites were pleased with him and so were his foes.

Bahadur Shah՚S Relat…

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Question 304

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Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali: Alamgir II (1754 - 1758 AD) , Shah Jahan III (1758 – 1759 AD) , Shah Alam II (1759 - 1806 AD)

Explanation

Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali

Alamgir II (1754 - 1758 AD)

  • Only after three years Alamgir II՚s enthronement, Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India for the fourth time in 1757 AD. At the time of his accession, Alamgir II was a matured man of 55 and was incapable of being a good ruler.
  • Imad-ul-Mulk, his Wazir was also a competent p…

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Question 305

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Other Rulers and Invasion of Nadir Shah: Revolt of Nizam-Ul-Mulk in Deccan, Decline of Empire, Invasion of Nadir Shah (a. D. 1739)

Explanation

Other Rulers and Invasion of Nadir Shah

Revolt of Nizam-Ul-Mulk in Deccan

  • When Chin Qulich Khan entitled Nizam-ul-Mulk had entered Deccan, he proclaimed his independence. He declared Hyderabad as his capital city and devoted himself to his empire՚s expansion.
  • Muhammad Shah sent an expedition against him, at once, however Mughal commander Muwariz Khan …

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Question 306

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Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali: Akbar II (1806 - 1837 AD) , Bahadur Shah I (1838 - 1858 AD)

Explanation

Ahmad Shah (1748 - 1754) and Invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali

Akbar II (1806 - 1837 AD)

  • After Shah Alam II՚s death, Akbar II ascended the Mughal throne.
  • He remained a British prisoner throughout his rule and eventually breathed his last as a prisoner in A. D. 1837.

Bahadur Shah I (1838 - 1858 AD)

  • After the death of his father Akbar II, Bahadur Shah ascende…

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Question 307

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Explain peculiar role played by women in Revolt of 1857?

Explanation

Peculiar Role of Women in the Revolt of 1857

  • In historical writings for long revolt was described as male centric and a war of brown Indian men against white British men. However this myth has been corrected with the help of new researches and historical works in the field. There are abundance of sources at the disposal of historians to show that re…

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Question 308

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How would you justify that English education introduced by British in India was discriminatory in nature?

Explanation

English Education Introduced by Britishers in India

  • With the advent of British rule in India, colonial government began to intervene into political matters, economic affairs, and religious, cultural and even education sectors of India. They passed charter acts like 1813 and 1833 specific policies dealing with education at primary, secondary and high…

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