Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 281 - 286 of 309

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Question 281

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Review the policy of Glasnost adopted by Gorbachev.

Explanation

Glasnost Policy by Gorbachev

  • Mikhail Gorbachev became Soviet president in 1985 at the time the Eastern world was facing immense economic challenges.
  • To counter these challenges Mikhail Gorbachev adopted the policies of Glasnost (openness) and Perestroika.
  • The policy of Glasnost was implemented in the field of human rights and cultural affairs.
    • The poli…

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Question 282

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each:

(10 × 5 = 50 Marks)

“The roots of the Chartist movement in Great Britain were partly political and partly economic.”

Explanation

The Roots of the Chartist Movement in Great Britain

  • This was a movement for political and social reform in the United Kingdom during the mid- 19th century between 1838 and 1848. The industrial revolution greatly impacted the life of England.
  • It altered the attitude of the English people. Chartist movement was probably the 1st mass working-class movem…

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Question 283

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Internal strife and conflict beset with personal ambitions was enough of an invitation for the Ghurids to invade India. Discuss. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Ghurids and Invasion of India

  • The Establishment of Turkish rule in India during the closing decades of the 12th century marks the beginning of the new phase in Indian history because the Turks brought new political-administrative and socio-cultural institutions and practices.
  • The establishment of Turkish rule was not the outcome of any single factor …

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Question 284

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each:

(10 × 5 = 50 Marks)

“18 January, 1871 had been a day of triumph for the strength and pride of Germany and 28 June, 1919 was the day of chastisement.”

Explanation

Germany՚S Day of Pride and Day of Chastisement

  • The unification of Germany took place in 1871, when Otto von Bismarck unified a number of independent German states into one nation and established the German Empire.
  • During the latter half of 18th century, Germany was divided country in Europe with over 200 principalities independent of each other. From…

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Question 285

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

How far is it correct to say that if Clive was the founder of the British Empire in India, Warren Hastings was its administrative organizer? (20 marks)

Explanation

Robert Clive

  • Role of governors-general and viceroys is i durable in the course of modern Indian history, in fact, the rise and growth of India as a nation should be traced in the vision and works of these individuals.
  • Role of Robert Clive in the establishment of British rule in India.
  • Robert Clive played an important role in the Battle of Plassey and …

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Question 286

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Critically analyse whether the success of the Mughals is to be credited to their robust Jagirdari and Mansabdari system. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Mughals and Their Robust Jagirdari and Mansabdari System

  • The Mansabdari system was introduced by Akbar in 1569 AD was characterized by the Persian and Mangal practices Abul Fazal in his book Ain-i-Akbari, which provided detailed information about the Mansabdari system.
  • It was introduced in 1595 - 96 showing q Nobel Civil and military capacity.
  • Twin ra…

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