Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 231 - 235 of 309

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Question 231

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10 × 5 = 50 Marks)

“The American War of Independence transformed Europe as well as America.”

Explanation

The American War of Independence

  • The American war of independence is considered to be one of the most significant events in the entire human history it left a lasting impact not only America but also on Europe and other parts of the world.
  • The success of American war of independence popularized the liberal and progressive ideas of enlightenment this …

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Question 232

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically examine the turns and twists in the politics of partition in 1930′s and 1940′s.

(20 Marks) ​​​​​​​

Explanation

Turns and Twists in the Politics of Partition in 1930s and 1940s

  • Around the middle of the 19th Century, the separatist forces started emerging in India under the leadership of Syed Ahmed Khan and others the separatist forces triggered the birth of Communism in India and finally resulted in the partition of India in 1947.
  • The Hindu Muslim fought toget…

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Question 233

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10 × 5 = 50)

“Faced with the challenge of the intrusion of colonial culture and ideology an attempt to reinvigorate traditional institutions and to realize the potential of traditional culture developed during the nineteenth century.” (10 Marks)

Explanation

Intrusion of Colonial Culture and Ideology

  • The socio-religious reform movements of the 19th century was response and reaction to the circumstances prevailing in India, at this time a large number of evils prevailing in Indian society in the form of casteism, untouchability, child marriage, Sati and widow marriages, etc. These evils had exhausted the…

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Question 234

Religious and Philosophic Literature
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

The concept of Shramanic religions, with particular reference to Buddhism, had their roots in Upanishadic ideas. Discuss. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Shramanic Religion

  • Sramana was an ancient religious movement with it՚s the root in Vedic religion but different from the Vedic religion as Sramana rejecting Vedic rituals and the efficacy of the Brahmins.
  • Sramana՚s were those who practiced a self-denying, strict and ascetic way of living in order to find spiritual liberation. They are commonly known …

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Question 235

Causes and Consequences
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50

“There are many ways in which the war of 1914 - 18 was unprecedented, and in human history, entirely novel.” (10 Marks)

Explanation

The War of 1914 - 18

  • The World War 1 severely affected the European society and culture, it left behind the trailer of devastation more than 8.5 billion lives were lost and more than 21 million wondered this scale of death and diva station shattered the hopes and aspirations of the peoples and atmosphere of extreme disillusionment gripped Europe.
  • The…

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