Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 213 - 218 of 309

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Question 213

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each:

(10 × 5 = 50 Marks)

“The spirit behind the great reforms of Napoleon’s Consulate at home was the transference of the methods of Bonaparte the general to task of Bonaparte the statesman. ”

Explanation

Great Reforms of Napoleon’s Consulate at Home

  • Napoleon Bonaparte was by no means merely a military genius; he was a distinguished statesman as well. He found chaos and left the order, inherited mutiny and created discipline for fifteen years. Before him, France was in the deep morass. The springs and levers that hold the society and the values that

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Question 214

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

How was Italy transformed from ‘a geographical expression’ to nation state? (20 marks)

Explanation

Italy’s Transformation from ‘a Geographical Expression’ to a Nation State

Italy was in political fragmented condition North Italy was under Austria domination, Central Italy was under pope, South Italy was ruled by branch of French Bourbon dynasty, Italy was just a geographical expansion at the time, there was not political existence of Italy, Italy

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Question 215

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Do you consider the suspension of Non-Cooperation Movement a “national calamity. “?

(20 Marks) ​​​​​​​

Explanation

Non-Cooperation Movement

  • The non-cooperation movement was launched by Khilafat committee on 1st August 1920 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi on Khilafat issue (the issue of the prestige of Caliph in Turkey) Congress joined the movement on 4th September 1922-
    • To Gain Swaraj
    • To get justice for the Punjab massacre.
    • To get the prestige of caliph rest

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Question 216

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Explain how Ashoka used religion as a tool of political, aggrandizement? (15 Marks)

Explanation

Ashoka Used Religion as a Tool

  • In the history of mankind, the great rulers have initiated various measures for the welfare and progress of their people, in the list of these measures Ashoka Dhamma comes foremost it was one of the most well thought out the initiative in the history of mankind the references found in the Ashokan inscriptions throw lig

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Question 217

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50

“The ineffectiveness of the League of Nations to prevent or to check Japanese aggression against China was the first serious blow to its prestige as an agency for providing security. ”

(10 Marks)

Explanation

League of Nations

  • League of the nation was established by prime members of Paris Peace Conference in 1920 to protect the future generations from the destruction caused by wars and battles, the World War I, left behind a trail of devastation and to save the humanity from the similar crises in future League of the nation was created.
  • League was based o

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Question 218

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

What was the impact of trans-regional and trans-continental trade in the post Mauryan period on social and cultural life of India? (20 Marks)

Explanation

Impact of Trans-Regional and Trans-Continental Trade in the Post-Mauryan Period

  • 5 centuries of the post-Mauryan period represented the age of remarkable progress in the field of trade and commerce highly favourable external trade was the main feature of the Indian economy during this age, this progress was the outcome of the combined effect of a num

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