Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 196 - 201 of 309

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Question 196

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Explain why the majority of the known Harappan settlements are located in the semi-arid areas with saline groundwater. (20 marks)

Explanation

Harappan Settlements in the Semi-Arid Areas with Saline Groundwater

Mind Mapping Fodder

  • Harappan Civilization covered an large area which shows great ecological diversity range from mountain, plateau, sea coast and alluvial plains resource potential of this area are quite large and capable enough to generate the food surplus that was an important asp…

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Question 197

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically examine the causes responsible for the phenomenon called de-industrialization in India during the nineteenth century. (20 marks)

Explanation

De-Industrialisation in India During the Nineteenth Century

  • Indian handicraft industry was most advanced in the whole of the world during the first half of the 18th century, India was a global manufacturing hub.
  • Indian economic compress more than 17 % of the world economy at the time but this great manufacturing Nation suffered a complete decline of …

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Question 198

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10 × 5 = 50)

“The passing of the land from the hands of the peasant proprietors into the hands of non-cultivating landlords brought about increasing polarization of classes in agrarian areas.”

(10 Marks)

Explanation

Increasing Polarisation of Classes in Agrarian Areas

  • The Battle of Buxar and The Treaty of Allahabad provided the Diwani and fauzdari right to English Company. During this time medieval Land Revenue settlements had deteriorated. There was no adequate record of agrarian production and record of revenue being received from peasants. The English compan…

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Question 199

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Analyse various trends in Dalit Movements in various parts of post independent India.

(20 Marks)

Explanation

Various Trends in Dalit Movements Post Independent India

  • The Dalit movement is considered by many scholars as to the most powerful social movement in Independent India.
  • While in the broader sense of lower caste struggle against Brahminical supremacy, the ‘Dalit movement’ coexisted with the notion of caste itself; the movement was organized political …

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Question 200

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Explain the factors responsible for the recurrence of famines in the nineteenth century. What remedial measures were adopted by the British Indian Government? (20 Marks)

Explanation

Recurrence of Famines in the Nineteenth Century

  • From the middle of the 18th and 19th centuries, a number of major famines occurred in India.
  • North India faced famines in 1759 (Sind) . 1783 (present-day Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Kashmir) , 1800 - 04 (UP) , and 1837 - 38 (UP, Punjab, and Rajasthan) .
  • In Western India, present-day Maharashtra and Guja…

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Question 201

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Discuss the experimentations with art and architecture during the Gupta-Vakataka period.

(15 Marks)

Explanation

Art and Architecture During the Gupta-Vakataka Period

  • The time period from 3rd AD to 6th century AD was the period of Vakatakas and Guptas. Guptas mainly ruled in the northern part of India subcontinent and created one of the largest empires in the ancient history of India, while Vakatakas after the decline of Satavahanas came into power and ruler o…

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