Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 20 - 30 of 309

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Question 20

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Analyze Indian foreign policy of Non-alignment between 1947 and 1964.

Explanation

Indian Foreign Policy of Non-Alignment between 1947 and 1964

Foreign Policy of India
  • Indian foreign policy of a nation reflects the interplay of domestic and external factors. Therefore, the noble ideals that inspired India՚s struggle for freedom and influenced the making of its foreign policy. But India՚s attainment of independence coincided with th…

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Question 21

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Write short essay on Chauth and Sardeshmukhi.

Explanation

The Medieval Rulers

  • The medieval rulers recognized the rights of the zamindar, but were equally insistent on treating them as agents of the government for revenue collection.
  • When the zamldul took this form, that is, it came to assist the government in the collection of revenue, for the service so rendered; the zamindar was entitled to a percentage o…

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Question 22

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The origin of Bhakti movement. Explain.

Explanation

Origin of Bhakti Movement

  • If we see the growth of Bhakti movement so it is social, political, cultural and religious Movements that emerged in various parts of India during medieval times tried to bind the people together with a harmonious cord. In this regard, the Bhakti movement plays a prominent role. The contemporary society was in chaos with di…

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Question 23

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Explain the Token Currency System introduced by Muhammad Tughlaq.

Explanation

Token Currency System Introduced by Muhammad Tughlaq

  • Token currency system introduced by Muhammad bin Tughlaq. He was very innovative in adopting new policies. Muhammad bin Tughlaq was the introduced the “Token Currency system” . According to Barani, the Sultan introduced token currency because the treasury was empty due to the Sultan՚s schemes of c…

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Question 24

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Distinguish the ancient Indian culture on the basis of pottery remains?

Explanation

Ancient Culture and the Pottery Remains

  • Various archaeological findings help us in regenerating the past.
  • The ancient Indian culture which emerged after the Indus valley civilization could be distinguish between on the basis of distinctive pottery remains and they are: -

Ochre Coloured Pottery Culture

Pottery Culture
  • This pottery sites are generally loc…

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Question 25

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Determine the extent of the Mauryan Empire.

Explanation

Extent of the Mauryan Empire

  • The literal sense transcendent in that it is beyond the limitations of actual society and can therefore possess ultimate legitimating force. It can only be imagined in an extra-societal, never-never world such as Asoka՚s dharma empire.
  • Ashoka may have attempted such an ideological integration, but it was not sufficient to…

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Question 26

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Attempt a critical essay on the Indian science and civilization in the light of Alberuni՚s writing. What merits and drawbacks find in his accounts?

Explanation

Alberuni՚S Writing

  • Alberuni discovered so many things related science to keep civilization under its thought.
  • So if we see the discoveries in science in many fields by Alberuni so they are-

Astronomy

  • Important contributions to astronomy, geodesy, and geography were made by al-Biruni. By age 30, he had applied the most advanced science to calculate the …

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Question 27

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Discuss the nature of the leadership and programme of socialist party.

Explanation

Nature of the Leadership and Socialist Party Program

  • Emerging, as a political force in 1930՚s the Indian Socialist movement was firmly rooted in ideology and principled politics. Before independence, it was a strong amalgam of radical nationalism, democratic, socialism, and Superficial Marxism and Gandhian principles. The Indian Socialist panorama i…

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Question 28

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Examine the causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and indicate its significance in world history.

Explanation

Russian Revolution of 1917

It is a historical equivalent of an unstoppable tidal wave striking a mighty yet weak and crumbling tower and sweeping it away so the area of causation of these revolutions is two-

The Russian Revolution

Forces Which Caused the Mighty Tower to be Old and Crumbling

  • Russia was vast, 125 million people across an entire continent…

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Question 29

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The major causes of revolts against the Mughal Empire during the latter half of the 17th century were economic, rather than religious. Comment.

Explanation

Major Causes of Revolt Against the Mughal Empire During the Latter Half of the 17th Century

  • The later half of the 17th century the major causes of revolts against mughal empire the reason was economic rather than religious. Policy of Aurangzeb, and Akbar in lots of subjects about this many things rebelled them.
  • In 1667, the Yusufzai Pashtuns and in 1…

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Question 30

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Trace the evolution of the religious views of Akbar. Write a note on his policy of sulh-i-kul?

Explanation

Religious Views of Akbar

  • Akbar was the first monarch in medieval India who raised the policy of religious toleration to the pinnacle of secularism. The non-rush՚s constituted the majority of his Indian subjects. Without winning their confidence and active support, Akbar could not hope to establish and consolidate Mughal Empire in India. Akbar fully …

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