Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 153 - 158 of 309

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Question 153

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Explain the ingredients of the transitory nature of the early medieval India. (15 marks)

Explanation

Ingredients of the Transitory Nature of the Early Medieval India

  • The early medieval period from (750 to 1200) AD, brings a number of transitory changes in the field of social, religious, economic and political life, the earlier features which existed before the 9th centuries continue during this period at the same time there was a number of new fact…

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Question 154

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically examine the following statements/Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50

“Not until independence, when economic development became a conscious and pursued policy, did the Railways begin to realize their potential for assisting in the transformation of the Indian economy.” (10 Marks)

Explanation

Railways and the Indian Economy

  • Railways in India was introduced in 1853, the first train ran between Mumbai to Thane.
  • According to the historian, the introduction of Railway makes ″ a nation (India) with its regional centers integrate by rail to each other and to the world. The manner railway we՚re constructed by the British government makes it obvi…

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Question 155

Foreign Contacts and Ibn Battuta's Account
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Discuss evidence on slavery provided by Ibn Batuta with special reference to female slaves.

(10 Marks)

Explanation

Ibn Batuta and Female Slaves

  • Ibn Batutta՚s left a detailed account which helps in understanding the conditions about.
  • According to him, slaves were sold in the markets openly, like any other commodity in the market, and were regularly exchanged as gifts among the members of higher orders.
  • When Ibn Batutta arrived Sind, he bought camels, horses, and sl…

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Question 156

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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“The Afghan invasions in the Eighteenth Century not only signified the military irrelevance of the Mughal Empire but also hastened its decline.” Explain. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Mughal Empire

  • In the 18th century, the Mughal Empire was struggling with the inherent factionalism and weaknesses in the royal court. At the same time, they also had to encounter two Afghan invasions which gave a severe impact on the Mughal Empire in India.
  • 1738 - 39 Nadir Shah attacked India and defeated the Mughal Army several times. The Nawab of A…

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Question 157

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Is it true that the court intrigues and weak revenue system led to the collapse of the Maratha Empire? Comment

Explanation

Collapse of the Maratha Empire

  • The Maratha emerged as a major political force around the middle of 17th century, the Maratha power continued to flourish for about a century during the latter half of 18th century, the decline of Maratha commenced and by the opening decades of 19th century, Maratha was no more a force to reckon with.
  • The decline of Mar…

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Question 158

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Answer the following question in about 150 words each: (10 × 5 = 50 Marks)

Evaluate the accounts of foreign travellers about the Vijayanagar Empire.

Explanation

Accounts of Foreign Travellers and the Vijayanagar Empire

  • Practically all travellers who toured the Vijayanagara empire which lasted for more than two hundred years from (1336 A. D. to 1565 A. D.) have spoken highly of the political and social economic and cultural life of the empire.
  • Beneath the supervision of some very able rulers, the Vijayanagara…

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