Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 142 - 147 of 309

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Question 142

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Was it the weakening of the Mughal empire or the rise of regional powers that led to the British conquest of India? Discuss. (15 marks)

Explanation

British Conquest of India

  • Establishment of British rule in India was not the result of the defeat of Indian forces by the English company in one particular battle, the British emerge as a political power over a period of time and their political rise was facilitated by a complex power struggle prevailing in India this struggle in various forces oper…

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Question 143

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically examine the following statements/Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50

“The Kol Insurrection was mainly a war of the tribal inhabitants of Chotanagpur against the non-tribal settlers and service-holders.” (10 Marks)

Explanation

The Kol Insurrection

  • With the establishment of British rule in India revolts and rebellion commenced in different parts of India as the British expanded the territories revolts and rebellion also continue to spread in new regions.
  • The 19th -century tribal revolts constitute an important chapter in the history of modern India, the immediate impact of …

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Question 144

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50 marks

“The Mutiny of 1857 was much more than a Mutiny of Sepoys and much less than a National Rebellion.” Comment. (10 marks)

Explanation

The Revolt of 1857

  • The revolt of 1857 was the greatest challenge faced by the British in India till that time.
  • The revolt shock the foundation of British rule, at one time it appeared as if the British rule came to an end, this revolt enjoys the place of great significance in modern Indian history.
  • In spite of the fact that the revolt of 1857 was a gr…

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Question 145

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

Assess the rule of Zainul Abedin in Kashmir. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Zainul Abedin in Kashmir

  • Jonaraja was a Sanskrit poet and renowned Kashmiri historian in his work “Dvitya Rajataraṅgini” is was a continuation of Kalhana՚s Rajataraṅgini and brings about the chronicle of the Kashmiri՚s kings.
  • Jonaraja՚s gave a detail account of Zain-ul-Abidin,
  • In his Dvitiya Rajataraṅgini, Jonaraja has widely described the rise of the…

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Question 146

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10 × 5 = 50 marks

Comment on the French ambition of building a territorial empire in India. (10 marks)

Explanation

French Ambition of Building a Territorial Empire in India

  • The French were the last European traders to arrive in India. French East India Company was formed under state patronage by Colbert in 1664 AD. The French company was named the Compagnie Des Indes Orientals.
  • In Dec 1667 AD the first French factory was set up at Surat by Francois Caron. In 1669…

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Question 147

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Examine the nature of Dutch imperialism in Indonesia. (10 Marks)

Explanation

Dutch Imperialism in Indonesia

  • The Dutch started to captured the island of Indonesia in the seventeenth century. First, the brought under control Ambo Yana Island and later in 1605 they also confiscated Malacca forms Portuguese.
  • Dutch uses the political weakness of these Islands nations to established Dutch East India Company in Holland. It also gave…

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