Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 136 - 141 of 309

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Question 136

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“Archaeological evidence does not give direct access to the possible social and political dimensions of the decline of the Harappan civilization. What it does indicate very clearly is that the Harappan culture underwent a gradual process of de-urbanization” ? Comment.

(15 Marks)

Explanation

Archaeological Evidence and the Decline of the Harappan Civilization

  • After flourishing for more than 1000 years the great Harappan Civilization came to an end, the town and the city disappeared and the urban phase came to an end, the decline of urban phase is known as the decline of Harappan civilization.
  • Decline of this great Civilization has been e…

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Question 137

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

The changes in the field of art from the Kushana period to early medieval period arc incre reflection of changing outlook. ″ Comment. (20 marks)

Explanation

Changes in the Field of Art from the Kushana Period to Early Medieval Period

Art of that period from Kushanas to Early Medieval period synchronises with the religious life of this age which in turn was characterized by the coexistence of hundreds of different faiths and practices.

Changing Outlook

Post-Mauryan Period (200 BCE to 300 CE)

The Emergence o…

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Question 138

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Discuss how Japan industrialized after the Meiji Restoration, What were the consequences for its neighbors? (20 Marks) ​​​​​​​

Explanation

Japan՚S Industrialisation and the Meiji Restoration

  • The industrial revolution in Japan was triggered by the Japanese national humiliation it was motivated by the desire to restore Japanese National pride.
  • The role of the demand of the Japanese good was absent in the process of industrialization in Japan until 1853 - 54 Japan was following the Policy …

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Question 139

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Critically examine the nature and scope of environmental movements in Independent India. (10 marks)

Explanation

Nature and Scope of Environmental Movements in Independent India

  • Before independence, India was an under-developed country. After independence, several developmental projects were launched to fulfill the rising needs of people of the country with a goal to make India a developed country.
  • These developmental programs have an adverse impact on the envi…

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Question 140

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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″ Utpanna Dravida bhakthi, Karnate vriddhimagata I Sthita kinchit Maharashtra gurjare jirnatam gata II - Padmapurana Account for the emergence of bhakti in Dravida desa.

(15 Marks)

Explanation

Bhakti Tradition in India

  • The tradition of Bhakti in India is age old it is going on since Vedic age in one form or another.
  • The earlier elements of Bhakti can be seen in the form of hymn dedicated to God Varuna in Rig Veda.
  • Bhagvatism carried the tradition of bhakti to new heights.
  • Initially Bhagwatism was associated with worship of Narayana later on …

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Question 141

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

How does the numismatic evidence of the period reflect the political and economic outlook of the Kushanas and the Satavahanas? (15 marks)

Explanation

Numismatic

  • Numismatics term relates to ‘’ the systematic study of coins ‘’ . Coins generally indicated the level of monetization in the economy but in Ancient history numismatic played an important role in reconstructing the history of that period.
  • The information provided by Kushanas coins not only helps in getting the name and the time period of th…

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