Optionals IAS Mains History: Questions 104 - 110 of 309

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 309 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 800.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 104

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine how the transformation of the Varna system from the Rigvedic to the Later-Vedic period affected the position women. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Transformation of the Varna System

  • The history of Vedic India is known largely through its religious text the Vedas which give the period its name.
  • Historians divided the Vedic age into two parts Early Vedic Age (1500 - 1000 BC) and Later Vedic Age (1000 - 600 BC).
  • The reference found in the Rig Vedic Samita throw light on the early Vedic period and Y

… (471 more words) …

Question 105

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What was the significance of Orientalist-Anglicist controversy in nineteenth century India? Analyse. (10 Marks)

Explanation

The English Company

  • The English company emerged as political power in India in 1765 but for the next half in century the company took no interest in the promotion of learning in India, the company was busy in exploiting Indian resources to the maximum possible extent.
  • It had no time to pay attention to the educational needs of the Indians during the

… (223 more words) …

Question 106

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2018

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Critically examine the following statements in about 150 words each: (10×5 = 50 Marks)

“With the writings of Karl Marx, Socialism assumed the form of Scientific Socialism. “

Explanation

Karl Marx and Socialism

  • Socialism emerged as a response and reaction to the evils of Industrial capitalism the emergence of industrial capitalism resulted in the extreme suffering of the working class, the exploitation of workers forces the intellectuals of the age like Charles Leonard Simonte along with others to raise the voice against the evils o

… (221 more words) …

Question 107

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

How far was the drain theory a focal point of nationalist critique of colonialism? (20 Marks)

Explanation

Drain Theory and National Critique of Colonialism

  • The term drain of wealth referred to uni-directional outflow of a portion of Indian National product to Britain from which Indian received nothing in return.
  • With the establishment of British rule, the process of drain of wealth commenced and it continue to increase with the passage of time.
  • Drain of w

… (345 more words) …

Question 108

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine the relationship among economic growth, urbanization and State formation from c. 7th century BCE to 3rd century BCE. (15 marks)

Explanation

Relationship among Economic Growth, Urbanization and State Formation

  • 6th century BC witnessed the emergence of a number of towns and cities in North India in the form of a kaushambi, Vaishali, Champa Ujjain, takshila, etc.
  • This was the second phase of urbanization in India subcontinent because the first phase of urbanization was in the form of Harapp

… (416 more words) …

Question 109

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“India’s need for a federal system was more an imperative than a political choice. ” Do you agree? (10 marks)

Explanation

India’s Need for a Federal System

  • Federalism is a form of arrangement in which the power of government is divided between a central government and (State government) constituent political units.
  • The Constitution of India adopted a federal structure, announcing that India to be a “Union of States”.
  • Indian form of federalism is known quasi-federal syste

… (332 more words) …

Question 110

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2016

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

In what way did the political changes in Soviet Union influence the events in Eastern Europe during the closing decades of the 20th century? (20 marks)

Explanation

Political Changes in the Soviet Union During the 20Th Century

  • In the brief period from August 1988 to December 1991 communism in Eastern Europe was swept away. At the beginning of the 1980s, limited western experts on the communist world could have believed that the peoples of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union were about to enter a new phase of th

… (694 more words) …