Test-6: Regional Planning, Models and Theories (Examrace IAS Mains Geography Optional-Test Series 2017)

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1. (a) Discuss Weber’s theory of industrial location, and assess its relevance in the present-day context. (20)

(b) Explain assumptions and significance of Von Thunen Agricultural Model. (15)

(c) Demonstrate how Losch Theory was a step ahead to explain the Christaller’s Central Place Model. (15)

2. (a) Explain the Demographic Transition Model. Comment how India has moved forward in demographic transition over the decades. (15)

(b) Differentiate between formal and functional region. (15)

(c) Justify the need for strategies to fix the issue of regional imbalances. Why every region works best with a different strategy? (20)

3. (a) Examine the planning strategies best suited for hilly area development. (25)

(b) “There has been a gradual shift from top down approach to bottom up planning approach”. Discuss. (25)

4. (a) Explain Heartland and Rimland Theory. (20)

(b) Elaborate the spread effect and backwash effect as laid under Myrdal’s Cumulative Causation Theory. (15)

(c) Explain the 17 SDGs as laid down by UN. (15)

5. (a) Explain the various theories of divergence in regional planning. (30)

(b) “The swing of pendulum”. Apply this phrase in context of oil economies highlighting contemporary issues. (20)

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