Test-2: Paper 1 Physical Geography (Examrace IAS Mains Geography Optional-Test Series 2016)

Total Time: 3 Hrs



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  1. Candidates must attempt question 1, which is compulsory. Attempt any four of the remaining questions.

  2. The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.

  3. Answers must be written in English.

  4. Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.

  5. Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams, where appropriate. These shall be drawn in the space provided for answering the question itself.

  6. Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly.

  7. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the question-cum-answer booklet must be clearly struck off.


  1. Complete the name, enrollment number, and phone number above.

  2. Complete the paper in allotted time.

  3. Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams, where appropriate.

  4. Make note of the questions you were able to complete in the given time. If a question was partly completed draw a line at that location.

  5. Subsequently go on to complete the remaining questions.

  6. We will provide you feedback on all 5 questions (giving you full benefit of test series), however marks will be given based on portion completed in allotted time.

  7. Send completed test (hard copy) to our address (make sure to staple and send us all the pages): Mindsprite Solutions, D-105 Elanza Crest, B/S Sigma Corporates, B/H HOF Living, Off SG Highway, Sindhu Bhavan Rd, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380059.

  8. Fully evaluated copy along with answer/approach analysis will be send back to your email (within 15 days of receipt).

  9. Improvement call: Dr. Manishika Jain will provide personalized feedback and areas of improvement.

1. (a) Explain the origin of monsoon winds and role of El-Nino in monsoon circulation. (20)

(b) Why Tibetan plateau plays a unique role in governing Indian Monsoon? (15)

(c) Explain channel morphology considering sinuosity and stream load. (15)

2. (a) What is meant by sustainable development? Explain the need for sustainable development? Explain the 17 sustainable development goals. (15)

(b) Why was there an urgent need to bring changes to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)? (15)

(c) Write short notes on (4 × 5 = 20)

  • Potential evapotranspiration

  • Peneplain

  • Thermohaline Circulation

  • Eustatic changes in sea level

3. (a) What is Air Quality Index? In recent years AQI has been in news, explain why this is increasingly becoming a major cause for concern. Keeping this in mind, explain the impact of Delhi Government’s odd-even rule. (25)

(b) Differentiate between the Koppen’s Climatic Classification and Thornwaithe Climatic Classification. Explain Cs type of Climate. (25)

4. (a) Explain movement of ocean currents & thermohaline circulation. (20)

(b) Explain the importance of brine exclusion in polar areas? (15)

(c) Why human intervention is becoming a major concern for coral bleaching? (15)

5. (a) Explain climate change with special reference to Paris Summit. Discuss the objectives and agenda for the Paris Summit? (30)

(b) Highlight the importance of environmental education. How improvement in educational level will improve quality of life, discuss with reference to Swacch Bharat Abhiyan. (20)

6. (a) Explain air circulations demonstrating the role of pressure gradient force and Coriolis force. (30)

(b) Differentiate between agro-forestry and social-forestry. Which forestry model do you think is best suited for developing green belts in rural and urban areas? Justify. (20)

7. (a) Explain the idea of slope replacement and Penck’s views. (30)

(b) Explain geological time scale. “Contemporary plants and animals complemented each other.” Do you agree? Why? Why not? (20)

8. (a) Explain the concept of isostasy: Hayford and Bowie’s model. (15)

(b) Explain the main reasons for formation of erosional landforms in glacial regions. Differentiate these with the aeolian landforms. (15)

(c) Short notes on: (4 × 5 = 20)

  • Differentiate “Crag & Tail” and “Roche Moutonne”?

  • Explain the formation sequence of arch, stack and stump.

  • Why are blow holes unique to coastal regions?

  • Differentiate attrition, corrosion, and corrasion

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