Test-1: Paper 1 Human & Economic Geography (Examrace IAS Mains Geography Optional-Test Series 2016)
Max Marks: 250
Total Time: 3 Hrs
Candidates must attempt question 1, which is compulsory. Attempt any four of the remaining questions.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in English.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Illustrate your answers with suitable sketches, maps and diagrams, where appropriate. These shall be drawn in the space provided for answering the question itself.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly.
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Complete the paper in allotted time.
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Make note of the questions you were able to complete in the given time. If a question was partly completed, draw a line at that location.
Subsequently go on to complete the remaining questions.
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1. (a) Explain how the regional planning theories can justify the development of Smart City Projects. Which is the theory best suited to justify such a development? (20)
(b) Explain how Niti Ayog increases the focus on bottom up planning. (15)
(c) Explain why there was a need to evolve radical approach? Explain radical approach in present context. (15)
2. (a) Explain welfare approach and the ideas of Amartya Sen. (20)
(b) India moved up 5 places in the 130th Human Development Index report. What is its’ significance? (15)
(c) Explain Weber’s Industrial Location with examples from present. (15)
3. (a) Write short notes on: (10 × 2 = 20)
What are statutory and census towns?
Differentiate between boundaries and frontiers.
(b) There is growing divide between “Haves’” and “Have Nots’” explain with emphasis on resource allocation. (15)
(c) Explain what is political geography and geopolitics? Why world wars created a need for theories of political geography? (15)
4. (a) Which city classification forms the basis for 7th Pay Commission and why? (20)
(b) Explain importance of drip irrigation for agriculture in arid belts of India. Also explain the major obstacles in achieving drip irrigation. (15)
(c) Explain the various approaches in agricultural geography. Which approach do you think would fit best in present day context? (15)
5. (a) In the recent decades, there has been an increasing emphasis on traditional agricultural practices. With this in mind, evaluate the role of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems. (20)
(b) Explain Smith’s theory of profitability and Palander’s views on Industrial Location theory. (30)
6. (a) How is Christaller’s Central Place Theory applied today? Explain with the help of recent examples. (30)
(b) Explain the idea of inclusive growth. Describe the recent efforts in bringing the benefits of economic growth to the rural poor. (20)
7. (a) Explain how modern geographical tools are used for delineating urban areas, bring urban renewal, creating cleaner rivers, and developing new cities. (30)
(b) Are urban areas and urban sprawl the sole reason for destruction of rural vicinities? Why are environmental issues a serious concern in rural areas? (20)
8. (a) Explain the various types of droughts. Elaborate on steps to mitigate drought with special reference to Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEX) (20)
(b) Explain Hartshorne’s idea of areal differentiation and Berry’s views on regional synthesis. (30)