Transport, Communication and Trade - India (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 8 of 8

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Question number: 1

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Railway

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Indian Railway has a great unifying influence on Indian Economy. Discuss this statement in light of modernization and digitization in this sector.

Explanation

Indian Railways which started with line between Mumbai & Thane, has expanded rapidly across the country having a great influence on Indian Economy.

  • Connecting cities/town: Almost every major city or town across country is connected with railway, which enable movement of people from one place to another, thus bringing places closer.

  • Affordabl

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Question number: 2

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Waterway

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Transportation is the lifeline of a nation. Critically evaluate the statement in light of Sagar Mala project.

Explanation

Transportation is very important for any nation as:

  • It help integrate nation by bringing places closer.

  • Increased transport of goods help in regional development as places with low natural resources can import goods.

  • Economy of a country develops with increase in trade which depends on infrastructure namely transportation.

  • Spread o

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Question number: 3

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Waterway

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Appeared in Year: 2016

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Bring out the development of river water transport in India and its role in regional development.

Explanation

  • Waterways are the cheapest means of transport and are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky materials having low specific cost. Water transport is a fuel efficient and environment friendly mode of transportation. Water transport suffered a lot because of roadways and railways because it could not cope up with the speed of rail and road tran

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Question number: 4

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Waterway

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Keeping in mind the Sagar Mala Project, evaluate the prospects and importance of inland water transport in India.

Explanation

Infrastructure bottlenecks and logistic constraints have been identified as a major factor, limiting economic growth of India. Presently Transportation costs constitute 18 % of GDP, whereas in China it is less than

Image of the Map for India - National Waterways and SagarMala

Image of the Map for India - National Waterways and SagarMala

Image of the Map for India - National Waterways and SagarMala

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Question number: 5

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Trade Policy

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a note on foreign trade policy of India.

Explanation

The exchange of goods or merchandise or their sale-purchase is known as foreign trade. Advancement of international trade of country like India provides benefits like optional use of natural resources specialisation, increased efficiency leading to economic prosperity

International trade of a country is rightly known as its Economic Barometer.

F

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Question number: 6

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Waterway

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

“National waterways are harbingers of growth”. Comment.

Explanation

Inland waterways were the chief mode of transportation before advent of railways in India. Waterways are cheapest means of transport and most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky materials having low specific cost.

The IWAI Act (1985) provided for creation of National waterways to be managed by Inland waterway Authority of India (IWAI). Total of

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Question number: 7

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Trade Balance

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Essay Question▾

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“Trade balance is an indicator of development”. Comment.

Explanation

Trade balance is difference between monetary value of exports and imports over given period in an economy. It is part of balance of payment (BOP).

Positive balance of trade (trade surplus) implies exports more than imports. Trade deficit means vice versa.

Why favourable trade balance is important

  • Countries try to create favourable trade poli

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Question number: 8

» Transport, Communication and Trade - India » Road

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Comment on the booming corporate transportation in India.

Explanation

Corporate employee transportation ecosystem is truly booming in India this is mainly aided by pear state of public transportation and increasing service sector jobs like IT, BPO, hospitality etc

Reasons for their increasing popularity

  • Erratic public transportation system riddled with lack of infrastructure and passenger safety

  • Urban sprawl

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