Settlements - India (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 4 of 4

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Question number: 1

» Settlements - India » Slums and Associated Problems

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

“Improvement of slums would improve the urban scenario”. Comment on the statement keeping in mind the demographic parameters. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Slums in India as per 2011

Slums in India as Per 2011

Slums in India as per 2011

  • From above estimated figure, it is clear that growth of slum is on rise and they are growing in a rapid pace. However there are some states in India having no slum which include Manipur, Dadra Nagar Haveli, Lakshadweep but they are like islands in oceans.
  • Problems in urban scenario are r

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Question number: 2

» Settlements - India » Types, Patterns and Morphology of Rural Settlements

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Appeared in Year: 2016

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the role of Site in determining the types and patterns of rural settlements.

Explanation

Site is the most important factor to determine the types and patterns of rural settlements. Site is the actual piece of land on which the settlement is built. Types of rural settlement based on sites are given below:

  1. Wet-point Settlements: This type of settlement tend to cluster near a water body like well, tanks, river, spring or pond. In dese

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Question number: 3

» Settlements - India » Functional Classification of Indian Cities

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a note on function classification of towns given by Ashok Mitra.

Explanation

Classification of towns according to function presents difficulty since all cities perform more than one function.

Ashok Mitra built on works of C D Harris, Nelson & using 1971 census gave 9 categories of workers grouped into 3 major divisions:

Table of the 9 categories of workers

Table of the 9 categories of workers

Categories

(1) Cultivation

(2) Agricultural laborers

(3) Forestry, fishing

(A) Manufacturing towns

(4) Mining

(5) Manufacturing

(6) Construction

(7) Trade

(B) Trade & Transport towns

(8) Transport

(9) Services

(C) Service towns dominant

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Question number: 4

» Settlements - India » Problems of Urbanization and Remedies

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Explain counterurbanization. Explain the demographic trends linked to current patterns in counterurbanization in the United States.

Explanation

  • Counterurbanization is the process of a population becoming less centralized and generally moving from urban spaces into more-rural spaces.
  • The factors that influence counterurbanization are higher costs of living in cities, less traffic and congestion in outlying areas, and the availability of improved transportation and communication technolog

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