Regional Development and Planning - India (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 6 of 6

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Question number: 1

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Integrated Rural Development Programs

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write note on National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is a scheme aiming “Right to work”. 2016 is year of completion of 10 years of implementation of scheme. Employment under MGNREGA is a legal entitlement; it provides 100 days of employment in rural area, 150 days of employment in drought prone areas and SC/ST category people. Wo

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Question number: 2

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Watershed Management

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Provide case studies to explain watershed management in India. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Watershed management is technique of multi resource management that seeks to balance healthy economic and social conditions within a watershed. Watershed management serves as integrated planning regarding better utilization of land and water.

  • Watershed management take into account ground water as well as surface water, so as to create or reco

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Question number: 3

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Multi-Level Planning

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Critically examine the food security mission laid down by National Development Council.

Explanation

In eleventh five-year plan, National Development Council adopted National Food Security Mission (NFSM). This mission was adopted to meet burgeoning food demand the main aim was to enhance production of rice, wheat, pulses, restoring soil fertility and enhancing farmer income.

Key Features:

  • The scheme is implemented in mission mode with farm

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Question number: 4

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Watershed Management

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Mention the lauding water conservation efforts in India. Citing global examples, comment how India can incorporate effective methods. (30 marks) (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Due to rapid rise in population and over-exploitation of water resources, India’s per capita availability of water has decreased from cubic metres to over past 50 years (Global average consumption remains at )

Also of India is drought-prone in varying degr

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Question number: 5

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Experience of Regional Planning in India

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Examine the changing focus of economic reforms in India post-independence?

Explanation

After independence, Indian economy was a colonial economy in character, with mainly exporting row material and very little modern, industrial activity. Various phases of reforms were introduced, in light of changing internal and external conditions.

Reforms from 1947 - 1991

  • Industrial Policy Resolution (1948) [IPR]: introduced mixed economy con

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Question number: 6

» Regional Development and Planning - India » Integrated Rural Development Programs

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Identify causes and global spatial distribution of the vector borne diseases. Comment how Indian initiative like Swachh Bharat mission can prove fruitful.

Explanation

Image of the Vectors Classification

Image of the Vectors Classification

Image of the Vectors Classification

The burden of these diseases is highest in tropical and subtropical areas and they disproportionally effect the poorest populations.

Distribution of vector –borne disease is determined by complex factors such as

(1) Demographics

Most of these countries are highly populated

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