Population and Settlement Geography [Optionals IAS Mains Geography]: Questions 1 - 7 of 14

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Question 1

Population and Settlement Geography
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Every migration current produces a counter-current” . Comment. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Migration Current

  • In Ravenstein՚s theory of migration, one of the major proposition was – “Every migration current produces a counter current” .
  • While observing the effects & counter effect of migration both on source region as well as resource regions, Ravenstein concluded that the migrations affects both source as well as destination with further s…

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Question 2

Population and Settlement Geography
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Describe and explain the current trends in levels and rates of urbanization in two of the following regions:

  • North America
  • Southeast Asia
  • Latin America

Explanation

Current Trends in Levels and Rates of Urbanization

North America

Low rate of urbanization and high level of urbanization; already reached industrial revolution, so population is already largely urban.

Southeast Asia

High rate of urbanization and low level of urbanization (ongoing city building) ; currently experiencing industrialization and growth of c…

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Question 3

Population and Settlement Geography
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Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Define urbanization.

Question 4

Population and Settlement Geography

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Look at the population pyramids below. Describe and explain the demographic trends in fertility and longevity depicted in China from 1950 through 2050 and relate those trends to China՚s dependency ratio.

China՚s Age Distribution

Population Structure by Age and Sex Millons

Explanation

China՚S Age Distribution

  • Decreasing working-age, non dependent population.
  • Rising elderly dependent population.
  • Decreasing fertility linked to one-child policy.
  • Increasing longevity linked to improved medical technology and industrialization.
  • Increasing dependency ratio in China as number of dependents is rising and number of people in the workforce (ag…

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Question 5

Population and Settlement Geography
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Short Answer▾

Define demographic dependency ratio.

Question 6

Population and Settlement Geography

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

With reference to the demographic trends - China՚s dependency ratio, forecast any social and/or economic problems facing China related to its dependency ratio.

China՚s Age Distribution

The Population Structures by Age and Sex Millions

Explanation

China՚S Age Distribution

  • Higher number of dependents means higher health care costs.
  • Lower number of workers means fewer people to support rising health care costs.
  • Potential homelessness and insufficient care provided for elderly people.
  • Economic downturn because jobs not filled after older workers retire.
  • Because of its high dependency ratio, China is…

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Question 7

Population and Settlement Geography
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Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Compare and contrast the spatial distribution of the cities of Chongqing (SW China) and San Francisco (USA) .