Physical Setting - India (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 9 of 9

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Question number: 1

» Physical Setting - India » Physiographic Regions

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Short Answer Question▾

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Explain and differentiate Malnad and Maidan regions.

Question number: 2

» Physical Setting - India » Floods and Droughts

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Explain the various of droughts. Elaborate on steps to mitigate drought with special reference to Cloud Aerosol Interaction and Precipitation Enhancement Experiment (CAIPEEX) (20 Marks)

Explanation

Types of drought can be explained as:

  • Metrological drought : When there is reduction in rainfall for specific amount and time. According to IMD when mean annual rainfall is less than 75 % of normal rainfall then it is considered as drought.

  • Hydrological drought: It is when there is reduction of water. Metrological drought often leads to hydr

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Question number: 3

» Physical Setting - India » Physiographic Regions

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Short Answer Question▾

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Explain Karewa deposits and their economic significance.

Question number: 4

» Physical Setting - India » Drainage System and Watersheds

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Explain origin and flow of peninsular rivers of India. (20 Marks)

Explanation

  • Peninsular rivers in India are much older than the Himalayan Rivers. Mostly these rivers are concordant in nature. There rivers are non-perennial and draws its most of water from the rainwater. Peninsular rivers are characterized by broad and shallow valleys. As these rivers have a gentle slope; load carrying capacity is low due to low gradient

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Question number: 5

» Physical Setting - India » Climatic Regions

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Appeared in Year: 2016

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the role of spatial pattern of rainfall and temperature in the delimitation of climatic regions of India especially with reference to Stamp’s climatic regionalization.

Explanation

  • Rainfall and temperature are the most important factors of climate. In order to delimit any area into climatic regions, on the basis of rainfall and temperature it could be done. Stamp also used these two bases to classify India into climatic regions. He used quantitative limits of temperature and rainfall to the regions, so that it could be ea

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Question number: 6

» Physical Setting - India » Natural Vegetation

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Essay Question▾

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Discuss Champion’s Classification of natural vegetation. Explain the changing forest cover in India. (30 Marks)

Explanation

H. G. Champion in 1986 classified Indian forests under various heads, based on the region where they are found, the temperature, and rainfall.

H. G. Champion’s classification of Indian forests goes as follows

(1) Tropical Evergreen forests

  • Receive average annual rainfall more than 150cm

  • Found in North East India, Western Ghats, Andaman, a

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Question number: 7

» Physical Setting - India » Physiographic Regions

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the two components of Peninsular India and its significance. (10 marks)

Explanation

The peninsular part of India encompasses various landforms, out of which two to be discussed are

Deccan Plateau

  • It is the largest Physiographic unit in India encompassing an area of 5,00,000 km.

  • It lies to south of Satpura range.

  • It includes Maharashtra Plateau, Karnataka Plateau, and Telangana Plateau.

  • It slopes from west to east.

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Question number: 8

» Physical Setting - India » Mechanism of Indian Monsoons and Rainfall Patterns

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Essay Question▾

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Explain the role of Indian Ocean Dipole in Monsoon phenomena. (25 marks)

Explanation

The Indian Ocean dipole (IOD) is a climatic phenomenon that occurs in the tropical parts of the Indian Parts of the Indian Ocean.

  • IOD represents the Zonal Dipole Structure of various ocean- atmosphere parameters like the sea surface temperature, surface pressure etc. in the Tropical Indian Ocean.

  • The Indian Ocean is driven by the differenc

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Question number: 9

» Physical Setting - India » Mechanism of Indian Monsoons and Rainfall Patterns

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Explain the monsoon mechanism in India. Comment on the recent efforts takes by IMD

Explanation

As per A Ramshastry – ‘Monsoon is large scale second wind systems flowing over large areas of globe, persistently in the same direction only to be reversed with change of seasons’ (180° change in wind direction)

Image of the Different Perspectives

Image of the Different Perspectives

Image of the Different Perspectives

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