Climatology (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 9 of 17

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Question number: 1

» Climatology » Temperate and Tropical Cyclones

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Appeared in Year: 2012

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Compare and contrast tropical cyclone and temperate cyclone.

Explanation

  • “Tropical cyclone” is used to refer to warm-core, low-pressure systems that develop over tropical or subtropical oceans. They are accompanied by strong winds.
  • Temperate cyclones are generally called depressions. They have low pressure at the center and increasing pressure outwardly.

Differentiating Tropical and Temperate Cyclone

Table showing the Differentiating Tropical and Temperate Cyclone

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Question number: 2

» Climatology » Global Climatic Change and Role of Man

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Essay Question▾

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Discuss the findings of IPCC 5th Climate Assessment Report and evaluate India’s progress. Should Indian subcontinent be more concerned with climate change?

Explanation

  • IPCC is an intergovernmental agency which periodically surveys and provides scientific findings on climate change & provides assessment reports with possible solutions to help governments take actions.

Developmental milestones in IPCC

Developmental Milestones in IPCC

Developmental milestones in IPCC

IPCC released its 5th Assessment Report in 2014, with following finding

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Question number: 3

» Climatology » Global Climatic Change and Role of Man

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the findings of IPCC 5th Climate Assessment Report and evaluate India’s progress. Should Indian subcontinent be more concerned with climate change? Why? Why not?

Explanation

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international body for assessing the science related to climate change. IPCC was set up by World Meteorological Organisation [WMO] and United Nation Environment Program (UNEP) and United Nation Development Program (UNDP) in 1988. To provide policymakers with regular assessments of the scientif

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Question number: 4

» Climatology » Temperature and Pressure Belts of the World

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Appeared in Year: 2016

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Differentiate between insolation and temperature and explain anomalous temperature.

Explanation

  • In simple words, insolation is the heat and light energy that comes from the sun on the earth’s surface where as temperature is the measurement of the intensity of heat.

  • The sun is the primary source of energy on the earth. The earth’s surface receives most of its energy in the form of short waves which are of electromagnetic nature.

  • The

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Question number: 5

» Climatology » Temperate and Tropical Cyclones

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Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Compare the origin and weather conditions associated with the tropical and temperate cyclones.

Explanation

Cyclones are giant, spinning, whirlwind storms or large scale air mass that rotates around a strong centre of low atmospheric pressure. There are two types of cyclone: Tropical and Temperate Cyclones.

Origin of Cyclones:

  • Location – Tropical Cyclone: Those cyclones that origin in Tropics i. e. between 5 - 30 degree north and south of the equator

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Question number: 6

» Climatology » Global Climatic Change and Role of Man

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Essay Question▾

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Explain climate change with special reference to Paris Summit. Discuss the objective and agenda for the Paris Summit? (30 Marks)

Explanation

Presently we are bringing group prospect of climate change because of global warming caused by anthropogenic emission of CO2 and other house gases.

The emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) are primarily because of increased usage of fossil fuel like natural gas, petroleum, coal, etc. for transport and energy. In addition, substantial partner of GH

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Question number: 7

» Climatology » Global Climatic Change and Role of Man

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Essay Question▾

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Explain causes of global climate change and the historical basis for the same.

Explanation

Climate change is phenomena that is witnessed primarily because of increase of concentration of carbon dioxide and other gases in atmosphere. This increase in gases gives rise to greenhouse effect and upsets the natural balance and leads to increased warmth. Climate change is the measurable effects of the continual warming trend.

Image shows Causes of Global Climate Change

Image Shows Causes of Global Climate Change

Image shows Causes of Global Climate Change

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Question number: 8

» Climatology » Monsoons and Jet Streams

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Essay Question▾

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Explain Air Mass Theory and Jet Stream Theory of monsoon development.

Explanation

As per modern theories besides differential heating the development of monsoon is influenced by the shape of the continents, orography, and the conditions of air circulation in the upper troposphere.

(1) AIR MASS THEORY:

  • The southeast trade winds in the southern hemisphere and the northeast trade winds in the northern hemisphere meet each ot

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Question number: 9

» Climatology » Types and Distribution of Precipitation

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Essay Question▾

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Differentiate between dew, hail and fog? What are the various forms of precipitation?

Explanation

Precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condensed and precipitates.

The main forms of precipitation includes drizzle, rain sleet, snow, graupel and hail. Fog and mist are not pr

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