Agriculture- India [Optionals IAS Mains Geography]: Questions 1 - 10 of 22

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Question 1

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

There were two phases for green revolution in India. Critically examine both the phases and the achievements. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Green Revolution in India

  • Before independence in 1943 India faced a severe famine.
  • It is considered as a world՚s worst recorded food disaster with nearly 4 million people lost their life of starvation.
  • In 1947, food security was a major issue to be resolved.
  • Then we started Era of Green Revolution (GR) . This revolution worked in two phases.
  • First phase…

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Question 2

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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Examine yellow revolution in India. (In about 150 words) (10 Marks)

Explanation

Yellow Revolution in India

  • Yellow revolution is development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technology which nearly doubled the oilseed production.
  • Country transformed its status from net importer of oilseeds to net producer, self-sufficient net exporter.
  • This transformation happened in a decade with help of institutional s…

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Question 3

Agriculture- India
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Explain crop combination technique as given by Weaver. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Weaver՚S Crop Combination Technique

  • Weaver՚s crop combination technique tried to delimit the agriculture regions. That are not regions of simple monoculture like cotton belt, wheat belt, corn belt but the areas with combination of crop area combination of crop is two stage process. Establishment of theoretical value of crop is done like for two crop…

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Question 4

Agriculture- India
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is meant by crop insurance? Is it necessary? What makes such a scheme necessary for India? Evaluate how Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will assist in improving the agricultural productivity in India.

Explanation

Crop Insurance

  • Crop insurance, like other insurance, is a scheme that provides hedge to the farmers for their crops against infections or damage that might take place by means of weather, pest, etc.
  • This is done on payment of premium.
  • As not every farmer face some risks, the insurance in turn spreads risk among broad areas, thus ensuring profit. Thus,…

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Question 5

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Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Write short notes on: Blue revolution

Question 6

Agriculture- India
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Short Answer▾

Write short notes on: HYV Seeds

Question 7

Agriculture- India
Edit

Write in Short

Short Answer▾

Write short notes on: Seed certification

Question 8

Agriculture- India
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

India witnessed a record food production of 272 million tonnes in 2016. Examine the underlying factors and institutional changes.

Explanation

Record Food Production of India

  • Record production of 272 million tonnes shows the effects of government and people to increase the production.
  • It can be studied under following heads.

Infrastructural Changes in the Form of Various Government Schemes Like

  • Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana (Irrigation)
  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (Insurance)
  • Unfiled marke…

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Question 9

Agriculture- India
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Short Answer▾

Write short notes on: Dry Farming

Question 10

Agriculture- India
Irrigation
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Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.

Explanation

Water Use Efficiency

  • Benchmarking crop performance against its potential, based on available water, can help growers identify and act on otherwise hide problems.
  • Water Use Efficiency (WUE) is a measure of a crop՚s capacity to convert water into plant biomass or grain.
  • Micro-irrigation refers to an irrigation method with low flow pressure technology.
  • It…

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