Agriculture - India (Optionals IAS Mains Geography): Questions 1 - 11 of 19

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Question number: 1

» Agriculture - India » Green Revolution & Implications

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Describe in Detail

There were two phases for green revolution in India. Critically examine both the phases and the achievements. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Before independence in 1943 India faced a severe famine. It is considered as a world’s worst recorded food disaster with nearly 4 million people lost their life of starvation. In 1947, food security was a major issue to be resolved. Then we started Era of Green Revolution (GR). This revolution worked in two phases. First phase in 1947 - 1967 which

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Question number: 2

» Agriculture - India » Green Revolution & Implications

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Examine yellow revolution in India. (In about 150 words) (10 Marks)

Explanation

  • Yellow revolution is development and adoption of new varieties of oilseeds and complementary technology which nearly doubled the oilseed production. Country transformed its status from net importer of oilseeds to net producer, self-sufficient net exporter. This transformation happened in a decade with help of institutional support and technolog

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Question number: 3

» Agriculture - India » Crop Combination

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Explain crop combination technique as given by Weaver. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Weaver’s crop combination technique tried to delimit the agriculture regions. That are not regions of simple monoculture like cotton belt, wheat belt, corn belt but the areas with combination of crop area combination of crop is two stage process. Establishment of theoretical value of crop is done like for two crops of each is ava

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Question number: 4

» Agriculture - India » Agricultural Productivity

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What is meant by crop insurance? Is it necessary? What makes such a scheme necessary for India? Evaluate how Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana will assist in improving the agricultural productivity in India.

Explanation

Crop insurance, like other insurance, is a scheme that provides hedge to the farmers for their crops against infections or damage that might take place by means of weather, pest, etc.

This is done on payment of premium. As not every farmer face some risks, the insurance in turn spreads risk among broad areas, thus ensuring profit. Thus, insurance

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Question number: 5

» Agriculture - India » Livestock Resources and White Revolution

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Write short notes on: Blue revolution

Question number: 6

» Agriculture - India » Agricultural Productivity

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Write short notes on: HYV Seeds

Question number: 7

» Agriculture - India » Agricultural Productivity

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Write in Short

Write short notes on: Seed certification

Question number: 8

» Agriculture - India » Agricultural Productivity

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India witnessed a record food production of 272 million tonnes in 2016. Examine the underlying factors and institutional changes.

Explanation

Record production of 272 million tonnes shows the effects of government and people to increase the production. It can be studied under following heads.

(a) Infrastructural changes in the form of various government schemes like:

  • Pradhan Mantri Sinchai Yojana (Irrigation)

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (Insurance)

  • Unfiled market sche

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Question number: 9

» Agriculture - India » Significance of Dry Farming

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Write short notes on: Dry Farming

Question number: 10

» Agriculture - India » Infrastructure » Irrigation

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What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.

Explanation

Water use efficiency (WUE) is a measure of a crop’s capacity to convert water into plant biomass or grain. It includes the use of water stored in the soil and rainfall during the growing season. Benchmarking crop performance against its potential, based on available water, can help growers identify and act on otherwise hide problems.

Role of micr

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Question number: 11

» Agriculture - India » Institutional Factors » Land Holdings

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Explain the role of institutional factors in Indian agriculture. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Agriculture in India is determined by a set of factors. Some of the important factors are given below.

Role of institutional factors in Indian agriculture

Role of Institutional Factors in Indian Agriculture

Role of institutional factors in Indian agriculture

  1. Physical factors: relief, climate, soil.
  2. Institutional factors: size of farm holdings, land tenure, land reforms.
  3. Infrastructural facto

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