Optionals IAS Mains Geography: Questions 978 - 989 of 1537

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Question 978

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Differentiate between small scale and cottage industry in India.

Explanation

Small Scale and Cottage Industry in India

  • Throughout history, small scale and cottage industries have played an important role in Indian economy and rural development
  • Fiscal commission (1949) made distinction between the two.
  • Cottage industry is one which is carried on wholly or primarily with the help of members of family either, as a whole or part-t…

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Question 979

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What are anabatic and katabatic winds?

Explanation

Anabatic Winds

  • The word anabatic is derived from Greek word ‘Anabatic’ meaning morning upward.
  • They are warm winds which blows up a steep slope or mountain side.
  • They are formed during the DAY.
  • Anabatic Wind in Afternoon
  • With clear skies the slope absorbs solar radiation and heats the air (P) directly in contact.
  • This air then flows up the slope, as it i…

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Question 980

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Identify causes and global spatial distribution of the vector borne diseases. Comment how Indian initiative like Swachh Bharat mission can prove fruitful.

Explanation

Vector Borne Disease

The Vectors Classification

The burden of these diseases is highest in tropical and subtropical areas and they dis-proportionally effect the poorest populations.

Distribution of Vector

Borne disease is determined by complex factors such as

Demographics

Most of these countries are highly populated and are experiencing demographic trans…

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Question 981

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Differentiate between eastern and western coastal plains in India

Explanation

Coastal Plains

  • The narrow strip between the edges of the peninsular plateau and the coastline of India running from a distance of about 6 thousand km from the Rann of Kutch in the west to Ganges delta in the east is called the coastal plains.
  • The area between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea coast is known as west coastal plain and the area betw…

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Question 982

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“Trade balance is an indicator of development” . Comment.

Explanation

Trade Balance

  • Trade balance is difference between monetary value of exports and imports over given period in an economy.
  • It is part of balance of payment (BOP) .
  • Positive balance of trade (trade surplus) implies exports more than imports. Trade deficit means vice versa.

Importance of Favourable Trade Balance

  • Countries try to create favourable trade poli…

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Question 983

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Comment on the booming corporate transportation in India.

Explanation

Corporate Transportation in India

  • Corporate employee transportation ecosystem is truly booming in India.
  • This is mainly aided by pear state of public transportation and increasing service sector jobs like IT, BPO, hospitality etc.

Reasons for Their Increasing Popularity

  • Erratic public transportation system riddled with lack of infrastructure and passen…

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Question 984

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Gorakhpur, Jhansi, Lucknow, Kanpur & Varanasi

Question 985

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Write short notes on Tobler՚s first law of geography

Explanation

Tobler՚S First Law of Geography

  • This law states that, ″ Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things.
  • This law signifies particular spatial pattern to phenomena. Observation embedded in gravity model, law of demand, Isaac newton՚s law of universal gravitation.
Tobler՚S First Law of Geography
  • It is based…

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Question 986

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Why diverting skilled and educated youth to rural areas is so important for a country like India?

Explanation

Diverting Skilled and Educated Youth

  • As per census 2011, of population of India lives in rural India with around of rural workforce engaged in agriculture.
  • However, income from agriculture is inadequate and creates economic hurdles.
  • Thus, as Rural development Report (2016) of international fund for agricultural development suggests rural transformat…

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Question 987

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Write short notes on Lapies and Dolines.

Explanation

Lapies

  • Lapies, weathered limestone.
  • Isopiestic 77 km depth surface found in karst regions & consisting of etched, fiord & pitted rock pinnacles separated by deep grooves.

Eg. Lapies at Malham Cove

(North Yorkshire)

The Limestone Extremely Hard

Dolines

Karst regions, usually rolling plains that have few surface streams & often no surface valleys (Landscape…

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Question 988

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Write a short note on the various industrial houses of India.

Explanation

Industrial Houses in India

  • Modern industrial development is of recent origin in India.
  • It began after the advent of WW-I and limited participation of Indian industrialists.
  • Many big industrial houses avenged before independence and other after independence.
  • The presentation of Bombay Plan (1944) . Symbolises the vision of industrial houses towards futu…

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Question 989

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Shah and Vasravi