Optionals IAS Mains Geography: Questions 966 - 977 of 1437

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Question 966

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Explain various ways of in-situ and ex-situ conservation.

Explanation

Conservation

  • Conservation is the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural resource s such as forest and water.
  • Conservation can be classified in two types.
Image of the Biodiversity Conservation

Image of the Biodiversity Conservation

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In-Situ Conservation

  • It is on site Conservation or the conservation of genetic resources in natural populati

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Question 967

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Write short notes on Antiroot Hypothesis by Daly

Explanation

Antiroot Hypothesis by Daly

  • Predicts that the isopiestic depth of compensation is BSL.
  • Continents have anti-root under them.
  • Sialic column deeper root. containing mountain chain is larger & has a
  • Density of Sub–oceanic crust increases with depth.
  • Density is Sub-Stratum loweris than that of overlying crust. Sub-stratum is too hot to crystallize.
Image of the Sialic Column

Image of the Sialic Column

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Question 968

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Little of the earth’s topography is older than tertiary and most of it is no older than Pleistocene. Elucidate.

Explanation

Earth’s Topography

This is one of the fundamental concept of geomorphology given by W. D. Thornbury & helps in the interpretation of landscapes.

Concept States

  • Most of the earth’s topographical features are formed in tertiary age. Older discussions stated that age of topographical features refer to erosion surface back to cretaceous but gradually if i

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Question 969

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Explain Criteria Thornthwaite adopted for climatic classification in 1948. Elucidate how Stamp’s Climatic regionalization differed from Thornthwaite.

Explanation

C. W. Thornwaite

  • C. W. Thornthwaite an American climatologist, presented his first scheme of classification of climates of North America in 193. When he published the climatic map of North America.
  • Later he extended his scheme of climatic classification for world climates and presented his full scheme in 1933.
  • He further modified his scheme in 1948.
  • He

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Question 970

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Karkhana, Sonipat

Question 971

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Discuss the reasons and benefits of corporate transportation in India.

Explanation

Corporate Transportation in India

  • Corporate transportation service, is the service of providing ground transportation to the corporate executives and management.
  • It is usually provided by more specialised service company.

Reasons for Booming Corporate Transportation

  • Due to erratic public transportation system in India.
  • There is lack of transportation in

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Question 972

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Examine the developments in the field of apiculture in India?

Explanation

Apiculture in India

Apiculture colonies of bees implies growing of artificially.

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Image of the Image of Apiculture

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  • Apiculture is practised in India by tribals, forest dwellers since long time.
  • However, recently it is being considered as REMUNERATIVE activity and thus forms a part of diversification agricultural economy and livelihood opp

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Question 973

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Explain peniplain, pediplain, and endrumpf in lieu of the various theories of slope development?

Explanation

Various Theories of Slope Development

Davis Cycle of Erosion

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Image of the Davis Cycle of Erosion

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Key Aspects of Theory

  • Potential energy of landform.
  • Graded streams.
  • Polycyclic Landscapes.
  • Landscape development is function of structure, process & time.

Stages

Table of the Stages
YouthMaturityOld
Sleep hillsides, drainage divides v-shaped valleyRounded hills, valley walls main graded stream. Broad floodplainsFormation of Peneplain closer to base level having very

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Question 974

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Kadapa

Question 975

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Welfare geography has gained momentum in recent era elucidate citing suitable examples.

Explanation

Welfare Geography

  • The welfare geography approach deals with the issues related to inequality and injustice.
  • The approach grow up as a reaction to the quantitative and model-building traditions of the 1960s.
  • In the 1970’s there was a major redirection of human geography towards social problems, viz, poverty, hunger, crime, social discrimination, access

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Question 976

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Write a note on foreign trade policy of India.

Explanation

Foreign Trade Policy of India

  • The exchange of goods or merchandise or their sale-purchase is known as foreign trade.
  • Advancement of international trade of country like India provides benefits like optional use of natural resources specialisation, increased efficiency leading to economic prosperity.
  • International trade of a country is rightly known as

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Question 977

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“National waterways are harbingers of growth”. Comment.

Explanation

National Waterways

  • Inland waterways were the chief mode of transportation before advent of railways in India.
  • Waterways are cheapest means of transport and most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky materials having low specific cost.
  • The IWAI Act (1985) of provided for creation of National waterways to be managed by Inland waterway Authority of India

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