Optionals IAS Mains Geography: Questions 731 - 739 of 1437

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Question 731

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Write short notes on: Geomagnetic Reversals (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Question 732

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Explain the role of institutional factors in Indian agriculture. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Institutional Factors in Indian Agriculture

Agriculture in India is determined by a set of factors. Some of the important factors are given below.

Role of institutional factors in Indian agriculture

Role of Institutional Factors in Indian Agriculture

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Physical Factors

Relief, climate, soil.

Institutional Factors

Size of farm holdings, land tenure, land reforms.

Infrastructural Factors

Irrigat

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Question 733

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Highlight the role of agricultural census in India. Briefly Account for the state of agriculture 2015 - 16. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Agricultural Census in India

  • The Agricultural census is conducted in India every 5 years. First census was done in 1970.
  • The latest 10th census with reference year 2015 - 16 was launched on February 3,2016.
  • It forms part of a broader system of collection of agricultural data and is a large-scale statistical operation for the collection and derivation

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Question 734

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Delineate the agro-ecological regions of India. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

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Agro-Ecological Regions of India

  • The concept of ‘Agro-ecological regions’ is a modified and improved version of ‘agro-climatic’ regions.
  • A s per FAO, Agro-ecological region is a land unit carved out of agro-climatic region when superimposed on land form & soil condition that acts as modifier of length of growing period.
  • India has been divided into 20

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Question 735

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Examine the cause, effects and solutions for landfills mainly in urban areas. (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Landfills

  • Solid waste management is the challenging issue in urban management.
  • As per eccentric proponents & Gaianists, man has done much damage to disrupt ecosystem functions in this Anthropocene epoch.
  • Landfills, result of these are specific areas where waste materials and garbage is disposed off. Generally, it is located on periphery of a city.
Wastes Types in image

Wastes Types in Image

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Question 736

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With help of sketch map, elaborate on the oil and natural gas reserves in India. (20 marks) (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Oil and Natural Gas Reserves

  • Oil and gas are major fuel resources and provides lubricants and raw materials for many industries.
  • Modern economy is referred to as oil economy for this reason.
  • Petroleum is found in sedimentary rocks of marine origin. Oil is associated with water. of established hydrocarbon reserves is oil (Rest is Gas).
  • Oil and natural

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Question 737

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Write short notes on: Tobler’s First Law of Geography (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Question 738

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Mention the lauding water conservation efforts in India. Citing global examples, comment how India can incorporate effective methods. (30 marks) (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Water Conservation Efforts

  • Due to rapid rise in population and over-exploitation of water resources, India’s per capita availability of water has decreased from cubic metres to over past 50 years (Global average consumption remains at ).
  • Also of India is drought-prone in varying degrees leading to high crop & social stress.
Image of the total utilizable

Image of the Total Utilizable

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Question 739

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Little of the earth’s topography is older than tertiary and most of it is no older than Pleistocene. Elucidate. (20 marks) (Examrace Test Series 2017)

Explanation

Earth ‘s Topography and Pleistocene

  • The above statement is one of the term fundamental concepts of Geomorphology given by Thornbury (1969) and relates with the age of topography of earth’s crust.
  • Majority of geomorphologists argue that present day landforms are result of geomorphic processes, which operated in tertiary and Quaternary times. Older lan

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