Optionals IAS Mains Geography: Questions 392 - 404 of 1537

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Question 392

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Explain Hartshorne՚s idea of areal differentiation and Berry՚s views on regional synthesis. (30 Marks)

Explanation

Hartshorne՚S Idea of Areal Differentiation

  • Areal Differentiation: The concept was propounded by Richard Hartshorne.
  • The main idea behind his theory was to differentiate between different areas of world on the earth surface.
  • In another terms it is the study of how human and physical phenomenon interact and vary over the surface of earth.
  • It is in some a…

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Question 393

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East Coast Economic Corridor

Question 394

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Examine the relevance of Heartland theory in contemporary world.

Explanation

Heartland Theory

  • Heartland Theory: British Geographer Sir H. Mackinder gave this geopolitical concept in 1904.
  • According to him world history is a struggle between land & sea powers with ultimate victory of land powers.
Mackinder՚S Theory in Present Day World
  • On the basis of physical map of world, he concluded that those who rules Heartland (Eurasian r…

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Question 395

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Parappana Agrahara prison -Bengaluru (2017)

Question 396

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Explain welfare approach and the ideas of Amartya Sen. (20 Marks)

Explanation

Welfare Approach and Amartya Sen

  • Welfare Approach emphasized on the aspects of social life like social justice and inequality.
  • This theory was against quantitative revolution and it emerged from the radical reaction. Issues addressed under this theory are as follows: poverty, hunger, crime, radial discrimination, equality in every aspect of life.
  • Dist…

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Question 397

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Katamati (2017)

Question 398

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Explain the role of special economic zones (SEZs) and contribution in economic growth. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Origin of SEZs

History of Origin of SEZs in India
  • Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is area developed by Government for economic development.
  • This area have special laws and tax exemptions for attracting investment main aim of development of such area was to generate employment, boost up economy by exports attracting FDI.
  • We also developed and formulate SEZ …

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Question 399

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Write a note on importance of renewable energy. Explain the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.

Explanation

Importance of Renewable Energy

Renewable energy refers to energy produced from resources which are renewable in nature i.e. renewed by nature such as solar, water, wind, geothermal, biogas՚s etc. In the 21st century, importance of renewable energy has increased because:

  1. Growing energy consumption has put strain on finite non-renewable energy sources …

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Question 400

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Tilonia-2017

Question 401

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There were two phases for green revolution in India. Critically examine both the phases and the achievements. (15 Marks)

Explanation

Green Revolution in India

  • Before independence in 1943 India faced a severe famine.
  • It is considered as a world՚s worst recorded food disaster with nearly 4 million people lost their life of starvation.
  • In 1947, food security was a major issue to be resolved.
  • Then we started Era of Green Revolution (GR) . This revolution worked in two phases.
  • First phase…

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Question 402

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Cochin Shipyard Limited

Question 403

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Gurez (2017)

Question 404

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What is meant by interlinking of river? Why is there a need for interlinking rivers? (In about 150 words) (10 marks)

Explanation

Interlinking River

  • Interlinking of rivers means linking two or rivers by means of canals.
  • The main purpose of river linking is to provide water to areas derived of water.
Proposed Interlinked of Rivers by NWDA

In other words surface water will diverted to water deficit areas.

Need of Interconnecting of Rivers in India Arises

  • Monsoon Gap: Monsoon in India…

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