Optionals IAS Mains English Literature: Questions 10 - 18 of 60

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Passage

Study the poem carefully and answer all the questions which follow. Each answer should be in 60 - 80 words:

A thing of beauty is a joy forever:

Its loveliness increases; it will never

Pass into nothingness: but still will keep

A bower quite for us, and a sleep

Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quite breathing.

Therefore on every morrow, are we wreathing

A flowery band to bind us to the earth,

Spite of despondence, of the human dearth

Of noble natures, of the gloomy days

Of all the unhealthy and o՚er darkened ways

Made for our searching: yes inspite of all,

Some shape of beauty moves away the pall

From our dark spirits. (Paper 1)

Question 10 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Essay▾

Describe the images created in the poem.

Explanation

  • The first image used is that of a ‘bower’ and here, like a tree provides shelter to the living creatures, beauty provides shelter and protection to the living beings by providing sound sleep, good health in a fresh atmosphere. Nextly, poet says that beauty is binding the humans like a ‘flowery band’ which is full of fragrance of love and beauty.
  • Her…

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Question 11 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

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What is the poet՚s view of art and beauty?

Explanation

  • These lines are taken from John Keats epic poem, Endymion: A Poetic Romance (1818) . Here, the poet says that the beauty is eternal and so it lasts forever. The beauty never fades but only increases with the passage of time. It has a long lasting power and so it never ends. Beauty is like a bower which provides shade like a tree for all the living …

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Question 12 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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What does the poet appear to desire from life?

Explanation

  • Everyone wants to be happy in their life without much suffering. The poet too tries to convey the idea that beauty or beautiful things give us happiness and joy in our life. So, to be happy in life one should enjoy the beauty of everything.
  • Bruce E. Miller՚s reading of this poem in 1965 claims that beautiful things provides happiness forever because…

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Question 13 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

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How does the poet describe human existence?

Explanation

  • According to the poet, beauty is one of the most important elements which act a reason for the people to live further in utmost happiness. All human beings share almost similar natures, and respond to the same stimuli in almost the same ways. And so, if a thing of beauty is lost for centuries and if it is found later or rediscovered, then, it has t…

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Question 14 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Comment on the rhyme scheme of the poem and the purpose it serves.

Explanation

  • This poem is written in the rhyming couplet in iambic pentameter. The rhyming scheme of the above given lines are ‘aa, bb, cc, dd, ee, ff, g’ . A rhyming couplet is a pair if rhyming lines. It is also known by the name ‘heroic couplet’ . An ‘iamb’ is a group of two syllables, the second syllable slightly more emphasized than the first and the pair …

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Question 15

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Can Tennyson be called a poet of the personal and evolutionary past? Elucidate your answer with examples from In Memoriam. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Tennyson

  • Alfred Lord Tennyson was one of the great poets of Britain, who was the Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much in the reign of Queen Victoria. Tennyson is considered as the poet of the people and he pours his heart and life to his poetry, from his own consciousness giving a personal touch, and through his works he tries to k…

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Question 16

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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How does Alexander Pope make The Rape of the Lock a sophisticated poem in terms of its structure and language? (Paper 1)

Explanation

Alexander Pope

  • Alexander Pope, the 18th century poet, was a master in satirical verses and he mocks the epic tradition by treating a trivial subject with a great concern, in a great manner, thus polishing his works by the mock-heroic or mock-epic tradition.
  • He is also famous for his use of heroic couplet.
The Rape of the Lock

The Rape of the Lock

  • The Ra…

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Question 17

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Compare and contrast the attitudes of Mrs. Linde and Nora with respect to their roles as women in A Doll՚s House. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Attitudes of Mrs. Linde and Nora

  • The central character of the play Nora Helmer, is a round character who changes her attitude towards life with the course of development of the story. In the beginning, she was like a puppet in the hands of her husband, a woman who accepts the patriarchal dominance of her husband. She is sweet woman who knows only to…

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Critically comment on ‘point of view’ as a narrative technique in The Mill on the Floss. (Paper 1)

Explanation

The Mill on the Floss

  • The Mill on the Floss is a novel by George Eliot, and here the narrator is omniscient who takes the reader, as if in a journey, in to the life of characters and reveals their thoughts and emotions clearly to us. George Eliot has adopted such a technique in which the narrator uses a first person as well as a third person narrati…

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