Optionals IAS Mains English Literature: Questions 1 - 9 of 60

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Question 1

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Self-conscious structuring of images in metaphysical poetry. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Self-Conscious Structuring and Metaphysical Poetry

  • Samuel Johnson in the eighteenth century extended the use of the term ‘metaphysical’ to include a group of seventeenth century poets who employed abstruse poetic procedures and imagery, both in secular poetry and religious poetry. He coined this term as a derogatory term. These poets are John Donne,…

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Question 2

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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The Preface to Lyrical Ballads and the notion of poetic diction. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Preface to Lyrical Ballads

  • In The Preface to Lyrical Ballads (1800) or 1800th edition which was greatly expanded in the year 1802, William Wordsworth explains his theory of poetry.
  • The Preface explains the themes and styles of the poems in Lyrical Ballads. In this he makes the argument that literary tricks and devices make the presentation of the emo…

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Question 3

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Sketch the character of Caliban in Shakespeare՚s The Tempest in the light of larger context of freedom and imprisonment. (Paper 1)

Explanation

  • Although Caliban is a subsidiary character so far as the main plot of the play is concerned, in respect of his significance in the play, he is an outstanding figure. Caliban is ugly in body, associated with an evil natural magic, and incapable of being improved through nurture. His name is an anagram of ‘cannibal’ . He is the son of a witch. He is …

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Question 4

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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The influence of Renaissance on Shakespeare՚s imagination. (Paper 1)

Explanation

Influence of Renaissance on Shakespeare՚S Imagination

  • The Renaissance period marked the break of Europeans from the idea of absolute power of God and the authoritarianism of Catholic Church which holds control over the people who lived in the Middle Ages. It was a period of rebirth in which the people began to shake off all these shackles and starte…

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Question 5

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Social life and the 19th century fiction.

Explanation

Social Life

  • Literature produced during the time period of 1799 to 1900 is grouped into the 19th century literature. In the Victorian period, the social hierarchy was an existing norm. The entire society was divided into many layers -rich & poor, upper, middle and lower class, and in addition to that more a hundred divisions and grades. Church taught…

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Question 6

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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John Donne uses disparate images in his poems about physical and spiritual love. Discuss with reference to Canonization and To his Mistress going to Bed.

Explanation

John Donne About Physical and Spiritual Love

Metaphysical Poets
  • John Donne who belongs to the group of metaphysical poets, organised his poetry in the form of an urgent or heated argument with God, friend, reluctant mistress or himself. He is realistic, ironic, paradoxical and sometimes cynical in dealing with complex human relations and these are dr…

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Question 7

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Treatment of Nature by George Eliot and Thomas Hardy in their novel

Explanation

Thomas Hardy and George Eliot

  • Thomas Hardy, the famous writer of Victorian period thought that man is always in conflict with the laws of nature. He believed in the dual power of nature - nature of beauty and grace, and nature of ugliness and cruelty.
  • The first major undertaking of Thomas Hardy was the firm establishment of his imaginative world of W…

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Question 8

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Comment on the theme of appearance and reality in King Lear

Explanation

Theme of Appearance and Reality in King Lear

  • William Shakespeare՚s King Lear is a tragic play which revolves around the theme of appearance and reality. Reality expresses what it is and appearance is only a reflection of our observation i.e.; what we see. Appearance is an imagination, where reality is an actual existence. In this play, many characte…

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Question 9

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Appeared in Year: 2016

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Describe in detail the mock – heroic elements introduced by Pope in The Rape of the Lock.

Explanation

Mock-Heroic Elements Introduced by Pope

  • A mock – epic or mock – heroic poem is that type of parody which imitates, in a sustained way, both the elaborate form and the ceremonious style of the epic genre, but applies it to narrate a commonplace of trivial subject matter. Alexander Pope՚s The Rape of the Lock can be grouped under this category. Pope v…

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