Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 71 - 78 of 144

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Question 71

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Panchayati Raj as a facilitator of social inclusion in rural society.

Explanation

Panchayati Raj as a Facilitator of Social Inclusion

  • Rural India had a Panchayat system to manage their matters (social, political, domestic, and economic) since ancient times.
  • British rule overthrow this system and replaced it with the administrative system which had a remote connection to the village.
  • The previous system had connectivity to people an

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Question 72

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What kind of society may be reconstructed from the archeological evidence of Harrapan culture?

Explanation

Society Reconstruction from Archaeological Evidence of Harappan Culture

  • Harappa or Indus valley civilization denoted the Bronze Age civilization of the Indian Subcontinent.
  • It was discovered by Sir John Marshal and his team of archaeologists in 1921.

The following assumption can be made about the Harappan cultures and their society based on archaeolog

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Question 73

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write about the role of colonial administration in the development of Anthropology in India.

Explanation

Role of Colonial Administration in the Development of Anthropology in India

  • Anthropology studies humans in all societies holistically in the past and present. When the field of anthropology started as a field of inspection, the main objective was to collect all the information on rapidly diminishing human cultures.
  • However, in the later period, it be

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Question 74

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Identify some special programs for particularly vulnerable tribal groups (erstwhile PTGs)

Explanation

PVTGs and Special Programs

  • PVTGs are the most vulnerable group amongst the tribes. They are mostly containing hunter-gatherers and have an extremely low literacy rate.
  • Being the weakest section of the nation, they were ignored or considered along with the other tribal groups.
  • However, from the year 2008 government of India started to implement the pro

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Question 75

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What has been the impact of development projects on the environment and livelihood of forest-Dwelling tribes?

Explanation

Impact of Development Projects on the Environment

  • Forest was used to be the source of most Indian tribes.
  • However, every culture is affected or created around its environment. It is a very known fact that humans were hunters and gatherers in the past.
Forest was used to be the source of most Indian tribes

Forest Was Used to be the Source of Most Indian Tribes

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  • Forest dwelling tribes also dep

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Question 76

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Describe the impact of industrialization on the economic and social aspects of India’s village.

Explanation

Industrialisation

  • Village represents India’s tradition in various social, economic, cultural, political, ecological aspects.
  • Industrialization is the process of all comprehensive change in every aspect of life and it related mostly to the technological advancement of life in every section.
  • It started in the western countries such as England, France, a

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Question 77

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What has been the impact of non-Hindu religions on the emancipation of scheduled caste in India?

Explanation

Impact of Non-Hindu Religions on the Emancipation of Scheduled Caste in India

  • Scheduled caste has the lowest ranking position in the Indian Hindu caste system. Historically they were treated as the Untouchable by the higher Hindu caste.
  • The chance of them being developed were negligible. There are many foreign religions such as Islam, Christianity, B

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Question 78

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Issues relating to tribal education

Explanation

Tribal Education

  • The level of development in the area is directly proportional to the level of education and literacy in that area.
  • It also interprets the level of political, social, and economy-related awareness of the people in a particular setting. In India, the level of literacy in the tribal population is 47 % according to the 2001 census.
  • Educat

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