Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 55 - 62 of 144

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Question 55

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss the evolutionary significance of bipedalism and erect posture

Explanation

Evolutionary Significance of Bipedalism and Erect Posture

  • Earth formed nearly 4.5 billion years ago. The evolution has taken place from unicellular to multi-cellular since then.
  • Humans are considered the most evolved species up until now. The credentials certainly go to the large brain and the dependency of humans mostly on his intellect instead of b…

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Question 56

Darwinian and Post-Darwinian Period
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Implication of mutation in evolution

Explanation

Implication of Mutation in Evolution

  • The mutation is any form of alteration in genetic material/ DNA. When these changes take place in sex chromosomes, they can be passed to the next generation and can have evolutionary significance.
  • Otherwise, a mutation that happens in the auto-some is not passed to the next generation and does not contribute to ev…

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Question 57

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss the methods of studying human growth with their merits and demerits.

Explanation

Studying Human Growth

  • Rate of Growth is the indicator of the state of health and nutrition in a child, it also reflects the society՚s public health status and management.
  • The science of studying the physical aspects of human growth is called Auxology.

Methods of Studying Human Growth

  • Longitudinal method isa specific number of children are enrolled in a…

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Question 58

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Europeans are closer to Neanderthals.” Critically discuss in view of the African origin of humankind.

Explanation

Neanderthals

  • Neanderthals are different from modern humans by just 0.12 % . They appeared around 200,000 years ago and co-existed with modern humans.
  • Eurasia, and some parts of central Asia and northern Asia were highlighted by the presence of Neanderthals.
  • The dispersal of humans has always been the subject of controversies between many Paleoanthropo…

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Question 59

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Adaptive primate radiation

Explanation

Adaptive Primate Radiation

  • Adaptive Radiation can be defined as the process of diversification of species rapidly from their ancestral species.
  • Environmental changes, availability of new ecological niches, new challenges can be held accountable for adaptive radiations. Various variety of animals thus get created from one single ancestor.
The Timeline of Primate Evolution, Started Form the Cenozoic …

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Question 60

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss with examples of the megalithic culture of India in the archaeological context.

Explanation

Megalithic Culture of India in the Archaeological Context

  • India has been yielding the evidence of megaliths from the end of the nineteenth century. The first megalith was found in Adicanallur of Tamil Nadu.
  • Up until now various types of megaliths found from all over India. The megalithic culture brought to India by Dravidian descent who came to India…

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Question 61

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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With reference to the somatoscopic and morphometric characteristics commonly used for racial classification, make critical comments as to whether ‘race’ is a valid concept.

Explanation

Somatoscopic and Morphometric Characteristics

  • In physical Anthropology, the distinction between human groups carries tremendous importance to study evolution, specific characters only to be found in specific regions due to the adaption.
  • Somatoscopy is the study of such phenotypical expressions.
  • The aim of Somatoscopy in not to upgrade or downgrade any…

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Question 62

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Cultural relativism

Explanation

Cultural Relativism

  • Cultural relativism holds that all cultures are the same. i.e.. No culture is better or worse than another, perhaps they are just different from one another.
  • This concept was first introduced by F. Boaz.
  • The root of this approach lies in the Historic Particularism which suggests studying the culture from its point of view and holds…

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