Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 47 - 54 of 144

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Question 47

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

The relationship between linguistics and social-cultural anthropology.

Explanation

Relationship between Linguistics and Social-Cultural Anthropology

  • Most of the organisms communicate with each other using signs, specific noises for various purposes. Humans, however, are most evolved in case of communication as they have a distinctive and very rich linguistic structure to communicate.
  • Language is a systematic way of communication wi…

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Question 48

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Genetico- environmental factors affecting human growth

Explanation

Genetic-Environmental Factors Affecting Human Growth

Genetics of Size

  • Height is a major indicator of the size and it is determined by many genes, hence known as a polygenetic trait.
  • While studying the growth patterns in monozygotic twins it is observed that asymmetrical distribution of ovum can lead to different sizes of these twins.
The Difference in Height of Monozygotic Twins

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Question 49

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Human adaptations are bio-cultural in nature” Discuss with reference to human adaptations to high-altitude climate.

Explanation

Human Adaptations to High-Altitude Climate

  • Man is being enculturated from his birth to be a responsible member of his society. We teach infants almost all the things such as walking, speaking, reading, and writing.
  • This process is influenced by a particular culture he is born into.
  • According to the Herskovits, Culture is the man-made part of the Envir…

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Question 50

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss how indigenous people encounter globalization.

Explanation

Indigenous People and Globalization

  • From the ancient period, human culture gets impacted by the outside cultures and made some adaptations in their own cultures to a certain extend. The impact caused by the process of globalization is broader in the geographical sense.
  • The indigenous societies are marked by independent market places, cultures, politi…

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Question 51

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each: Cultural utilitarianism

Explanation

Cultural Utilitarianism

  • Utilitarianism is the approach where we think about the happiness and well-being of other humans after performing any specific action.
  • It also focuses on maximizing the utility of a process or a thing.
Cultural Utilitarianism
  • In cultural studies, the ethnological stance (given by Bernard Williams in 1986) , talks about the ethic…

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Question 52

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Olduvai Gorge

Explanation

Olduvai Gorge

  • Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania, located on a great rift valley is one of the most important archaeological and anthropological sites in the world.
  • It has a continuous history of human evolution since the appearance of Homo Species.
Location of Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania

Location of Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania

  • The site became famous due to the expe…

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Question 53

DNA Technology in Diseases and Medicine
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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“Applied human genetics has come to touch every sphere of human life.”

Discuss in the light of recent advances in molecular anthropology.

Explanation

Genetics and Recent Advances in Molecular Anthropology

  • It has been more than one and a half centuries since Mendel gave us the basic law of genetics (segregation, dominance, and independent assortment) .
  • Genetic has become very advance from that time to today. Molecular anthropology uses analysis at the molecular level to find out links between ancie…

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Question 54

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss social stratification according to any three major approaches.

Explanation

Social Stratification and Three Major Approaches

Functional Approach

  • The first key approach from which we can comprehend the social stratification the best is the functional theory.
  • It lies in the distribution of the resources which generate inequality. Although according to functional theory, these unequal distribution is necessary for society to rew…

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