Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 38 - 46 of 144

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Question 38

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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How did Redcliffe- Brown and Levi Strauss study kinship in terms of social structure.

Explanation

Radcliffe- Brown and Levi Strauss Study of Kinship (Social Structure)

  • Both Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown and Claude Levi-Strauss work in the structural and functional arena of the Socio-cultural Anthropology.
  • They tried to study the social structure of society by investigating kinship. Their study is as follows
  • Radcliffe- Brown: Redcliffe- Brown’s a

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Question 39

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Pastoralism in India

Explanation

Pastoralism in India

  • Pastoralism can be compared to agriculture, where animals are bred, fed, and used for their various produces.
  • From ancient times, we (Indians) have emphasized the importance of animals in our lives and how the relationship between animals and humans is noble (for an eg. relationship between Sri KrishnaMahabharata and cows in ).
  • In

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Question 40

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Anthropological inputs in facial reconstruction

Explanation

Anthropological Inputs in Facial Reconstruction

  • Anthropology, osteology and human anatomy are useful in the reconstruction of the face and other body parts.
  • In archaeological findings, an anthropologist may find some fragments of the face like small bones, a different part of arches.
  • Using facial reconstruction, we can figure out the morphology of tha

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Question 41

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss the phenomenology as a research method in anthropological studies.

Explanation

Phenomenology as a Research Method

  • Phenomenology has become important in various anthropological approaches in the last 20 years or so.
  • It has contributed to the anthropological fields related to illness and suffering, experience and their interpretation, morality, violence, communication practices, creativity, etc.
  • The concept of phenomenology has a

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Question 42

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Critically explain the anthropological approaches to religion.

Explanation

Anthropological Approaches to Religion

  • Religion has always fascinated anthropology. In the beginning anthropologist like E. B. Tylor and James Frazer spoke about the succession of religion from one form to another.
  • E. B. Tylor pronounced that religion goes from AnimismPolytheism Monotheism (belief in the never-ending existence the soul) to (belief in

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Question 43

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Examine critically the contribution of Victor Turner and Clifford Geertz in Anthropology.

Explanation

Victor Turner and Clifford Geertz’s Contribution in Anthropology

  • Clifford Greetz and Victor Turner both contributed it the development of Interpretative Anthropology.
  • Interpretative Anthropology believes that the truth is in mind of people and not just Out There. Therefore, by interpreting the reality of the situation in people’s minds (emic perspect

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Question 44

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Discuss briefly the major traditions in the upper Paleolithic culture of Europe.

Explanation

Major Traditions in Upper Palaeolithic Culture of Europe

The upper Palaeolithic culture was the last lithic stage of Pleistocene and was dominated by Cro-Magnons.

The major traditions in this era are as follows:

Aurignacian

  • This tradition happens at the same time as Parigordian. The stone tool of these traditions was unique- Basque Burins, Carinated en

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Question 45

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Differentiate between transient and balanced genetic polymorphism. Illustrate your answer with suitable examples from human populations.

Explanation

Balanced Polymorphism

  • In balanced polymorphism, two different versions of the gene exist in the population- a person carries both the version instead of one of them. This offers such species an evolutionary advantage and it called balancing selection. Genes are carried in the chromosomes which have alleles.
  • The expression of alleles decides the pheno

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Question 46

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Evaluate participant observation in producing anthropological knowledge.

Explanation

Participant Observation and Anthropological Knowledge

  • Participant observation is the qualitative method which study subjects in their own/native environment.
  • We can understand the culture better if we experience it by ourselves.
  • For example
    • A researcher who is studying linguistic of the particular tribe can understand it way better by trying to talk in

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