Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 29 - 37 of 144

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Question 29

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

Categorize Genes that influence Human Survival.

Explanation

Genes

  • According to recent studies, Genes are considered as the principal unit of natural selection in human evolution or perhaps the evolution of all organisms.
  • Genes can be accommodating or menacing for human existence.

Types of Genes

Complementary Genes

  • For eg. The character’s tallness or dwarfness. Both represent Height.
  • These are the genes in which b

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Question 30

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Give an account of the field methods used in the study of Archaeological Anthropology.

Explanation

Field Methods and Archaeological Anthropology

  • In archaeological anthropology, excavation of a particular human settlement is necessary.
  • It includes exploration, then choosing a suitable digging technique, and lastly recording and preservation of the findings.

Methods

Field Survey

  • The main methods to do field survey is done by surface survey, Ariel surve

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Question 31

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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How is the case study method helpful in understanding a social phenomenon? Explain with suitable example.

Explanation

Case Study and Understanding a Social Phenomenon

  • A case study is a process of venturing and analyzing the life of the small particular social unit. It aims at a concentrated and comprehensive study. This social unit could be a person, a family, an institution, a cultural group or sometimes an entire community.
  • The purpose of the case study is to unde

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Question 32

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the biological changes that made human beings capable of making culture.

Explanation

Biological Changes and Culture Making

Since the very dawn of time humans seems to be the only species capable of having a culture. There is some important attribute which led humans to possess culture.

Bipedalism and Erect Posture

  • Bipedalism or ability to walk on two legs aided humans to use their hands more effectively for the purpose like making too

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Question 33

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Describe the culture related to Homo erects.

Explanation

Culture Related to Homo Erects

  • Homo erectus dominated Earth around late lower Pleistocene and middle Pleistocene (lower Palaeolithic). They were majorly represented in Acheulean culture.
  • The culture of Homo Erectus is divided into three eras according to tools making technology
    • Early: stones were large, soft, made with Sandstone. (460 - 420 kya)
    • Middle

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Question 34

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Describe the mechanisms for structural anomalies of autosomes with diagrams.

Explanation

Structural Anomalies of Autosomes

Abnormality in Chromosome Numbers

Nondisjunction

Happens when a cell is not divided properly in anaphase of mitosis.

Polyploidy

Complete extra chromosome set is introduced. Mostly fatal.

Polyploidy complete extra chromosome set

Polyploidy Complete Extra Chromosome Set

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Aneuploidy
  • Missing one copy of the chromosome or having an extra copy of a chrom

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Question 35

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

Ways of Acquiring Mate in Tribal Society

Explanation

Acquiring Mate in Tribal Society

  • Marriage is a universal phenomenon.
  • Every society in the world has rules, regulations, and prohibitions regarding the approach of attaining a partner.

Some Ways of Acquiring Mate in Tribal Society

By Probation

  • In this type, the man stays in the house of a women’s family for a certain amount of period.
  • After that, they can

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Question 36

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Narrate evolution of the disease and major causes of ill health in human populations.

Explanation

Disease Evolution and Major Causes of Ill Health

  • Since the dawn of humanity, our ancestors have been infected with various diseases by pathogens like bacteria, viruses, fungus also by some bodily malfunction as we get older. We have always created newer ways of eating and living to minimize the impact of the sickness.
  • In the Paleolithic and Mesolithi

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Question 37

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Relative dating methods

Explanation

Relative Dating Methods

Relative dating methods

Relative Dating Methods

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  • In an evolutionary investigation, dating conveys remarkable importance. There are two main dating methods relative and absolute.
  • In relative dating, we find out the age of artefact relating to other objects. That is in this methods we can say an object is younger or older than the other o

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