Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 11 - 19 of 144

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Question 11

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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How does customary law function in the tribal society? Discuss its different sources.

Explanation

Functions of Customary law in the Tribal Society

  • Society cannot function without clear organizations within it. To regulate his society there is a need for laws. In the state-less societies, this law is called as customary law, traditional law, indigenous law, native law, living law, people’s law or local law-ways. In tribal communities, there are c

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Question 12

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

The relevance of Anthropology

Explanation

Relevance of Anthropology

  • For thousands of years we wonder very much about the universe, plant, animals but very little we know about ourselves- why and how we behave the way we do until very recently.
  • Anthropology tries to find answers about us- humans. We use various aspects that impact our existence including physical, socio-cultural, linguistic.
  • I

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Question 13

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the mechanisms of human variation in gene frequencies.

Explanation

Mechanisms of Different Gene Frequencies and the Reasons

Mutations

  • New genes are added in the population due to various types of mutations.
  • They can happen due to various reasons like recombination in the meiotic division.
  • These mutations can decide the dominance of one gene over the other, which can change the genetic frequencies in the populations. M

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Question 14

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Do Allen and Bergmann’s rule hold for human populations?

Explain with examples.

Explanation

Allen and Bergmann’s Rules

  • Allen and Burdegeman’s rules are used to explain the adaptations of the human body to different environmental conditions like temperature.
  • According to Allen’s rule, long limbs (linear body form) are found in people living in a cold environment while short limbs are the characteristic of people who live in a warm climate.
  • On

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Question 15

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Write short notes on the following in about 150 words each:

Oncogene

Explanation

Oncogene

  • Oncogenes are modified type of genes that can cause cancer. This set of genes produce proteins (onco-proteins) leads to form carcinogenic tumor. In this process the oncogene started producing undifferentiated cells, subsequently goes through many stages lastly converts into a cancerous tumor. In cell there are tumor suppresser genes which r

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Question 16

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Explain the impact of the discovery of iron technology on contemporary society.

Explanation

Iron Technology Discovery and Contemporary Society

  • The use of iron initiate around the end of Neolithic/Chalcolithic and carried up to the early historic period. This Iron Age has an enormous impact on India’s cultural fabric. The discovery of iron is generally regarded as accidental.
    • For example, in one of the folklore of the buster tribe, it is sug

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Question 17

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

The race is a Myth. Justify its Present-Day Relevance.

Explanation

Race is a Myth

  • There is a huge difference in populations if we go from one place to another culturally and also physically. There is a certain environmental and cultural aspect that can lead to adaptation like different stature, height, skin color, weight, etc.
  • For eg. People in hill areas are less than the people on the plane surface.
  • However, cultur

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Question 18

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each:

Advanced molecular Anthropology Techniques

Explanation

Advanced Molecular Anthropology Techniques

DNA Extraction

  • DNA is found in many parts of the human body. However, W. B. C. s (white blood cells) are considered to be the best source of it.
  • To separate W. B. C. from other components of the blood. to do this blood is treated against the clotting and centrifugate to obtain W. B. C. s and R. B. C. s. W. B.

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Question 19

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Give an account of the consequences of food production of Neolithic culture.

Explanation

Food Production During Neolithic Culture

  • The Neolithic culture was solely represented by homo sapiens. Major socio-cultural changes took place in this era. Farming or food production leads to increase population per land unit area well as climate change happen around the start of the Holocene.
  • Due to the increase in population, the demand for food in

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