Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 125 - 134 of 144

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Question 125

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write a note on following in 200 words each:

Fieldwork tradition in anthropology

Explanation

Fieldwork Tradition in Anthropology

  • Is considered to be the first-hand systematic exploration.
  • Includes a variety of human cultures.

Importance

  • Expands and builds on the factual information.
  • Anthropology is an observation-oriented field science.
  • To observe subjects in their natural environments anthropologists are required to go to the field.

Fieldwork Te…

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Question 126

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

‘Neolithic is a self – sufficient food producing economy’ critically examine this expression. (200 Words)

Explanation

Neolithic Era

  • Neolithic phase also known as the new Stone Age was characterized by polishing and grinding of tools apart from settled life.
  • This age was a new era of Cultural Revolution.
  • A progression of behavioural and culture that gave way for self-sufficient economy.
Neolithic Era

Tools and Discovery

  • Grains were crushed before being eaten as the same …

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Question 127

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write a note in 200 words on following:

a) Postmodernism in anthropology

Explanation

Postmodernism in Anthropology

  • A broad movement that developed in the mid to late 20th century.
  • Across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism.
  • Authentic implementation of scientific methods is not possible as there is no true objectivity.
  • Since all accounts of culture are partial and conditioned to the observer.
    • Culture cannot be completely or…

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Question 128

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Essay▾

Write short notes on Hypergamy and Hypogamy.

Explanation

Hypergamy

  • In Hypergamy or Anuloma type of marriage a woman marries with a man of higher Varna or superior caste or family.
  • It was practiced among the nobles in the past.
  • This has been the most common form of marriage in most cultures.
  • Arranged marriages between members of equal class were also a common trend.

Anuloma

  • Comes from the Hindu caste system.
  • Thi…

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Question 129

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Describe the following in 200 words.

Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism.

Explanation

Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism

Ethnocentrism

  • Evolution of other cultures based on preconceptions.
  • These preconceptions are originating in the standards and customs of one՚s own culture.
  • Studying other cultures in our own cultural standards.
  • It՚s more or less like treating other cultures as inferior one.
  • This attitude was represented by colonial in…

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Question 130

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Essay▾

Write short notes on DNA Replication.

Explanation

DNA Replication

  • It is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA.
  • This occurs in all living organisms and act as the most essential part for biological inheritance.
  • Genetic information are encoded in the form of base sequences.
  • DNA replication begins at specific locations, or origins of replication, in the genome in a cell.

Enzyme…

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Question 131

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Write a note in 200 words on following:

Etic and emic approach

Explanation

Etic and Emic Approach

  • Derived from the technical terms of linguistics Phonetics & Phonemics.
  • Using both anthropologists can approach towards the study of culture.

Etic

  • This approach refers towards an outsider՚s view.
  • Perspective of the observer.
  • Descriptive information is gathered.
  • Also includes organizing, systemizing and comparing in terms of his/her o…

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Question 132

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Write a note on following in 200 words each:

a) Cultural materialism

Explanation

Cultural Materialism

  • Marvin Harris an American anthropologist coined the word Cultural materialism.
  • Incorporates ideas from Marxism, cultural evolution, and cultural ecology.
  • Examines the relationship between physical and economic aspects of production.
  • It believes that infrastructure plays a primary role in shaping a society.
    • Influences structure and s…

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Question 133

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Essay▾

Write short notes on Mitosis vs. Meiosis.

Explanation

Mitosis vs. Meiosis

Mitosis

  • A type of cell division that results in the formation of two daughter cells.
  • Each daughter cell is having same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent cell.
  • There is replication of chromosomes.
  • This process is required for growth and development of cells.
  • Two genetically identical sister chromatids are produced.
  • There is a…

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Question 134

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Where do you situate the “live-in” relationship within the institution of marriage? (250 words)

Explanation

“Live-In” Relationship Within the Institution of Marriage

  • Being looked an alternative to the institution of marriage.
  • An arrangement in which the couple enter into cohabitation.
“Live-In” Relationship Within the Institution of Marriage

Anthropologists Point of View

  • The rights and duties of the husbands.
  • Including the wife and the children born to the cou…

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