Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 114 - 124 of 144

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Question 114

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the various type of marriage regulations.

Explanation

Marriage Regulations

  • Marriage is regulated by laws, rules, customs, beliefs, and attitudes that prescribe the rights and duties of the partners.
  • A set of rules that regulate, structure and functions of marriages are called marriage regulations.

Types of Marriage Regulations

Types of marriage regulations

Types of Marriage Regulations

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Proscriptive Regulations

  • Certain ty

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Question 115

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Discuss the Genealogical Methods (Research Methodology).

Explanation

Genealogical Methods

  • Genealogy can be defined as the study of family origins and history.
  • Includes ancestors such as parents, grand-parents, great grandparents and so on.
  • The primary aim of this method is analysis of social organization.
  • Extensive interviewing of the individual is required to trace their descent, succession and inheritance.
  • The genealog

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Question 116

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Describe the contributions of various anthropologists to the culture and personality school.

Explanation

Culture and Personality School

  • Culture influences personality in a society.
  • Personality influences in making of culture.
Culture and Personality school

Culture and Personality School

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Margaret Mead

  • Compared Samoan (a native or inhabitant of Samoa) and American culture.
  • In Samoan culture birth, death, etc. are taken as the natural phenomenon and the youths upon reaching

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Question 117

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Write short notes on Monogamy vs. Polygamy.

Explanation

Monogamy vs. Polygamy

Monogamy

  • Here one man marries the women.
  • Most common form of marriage in the societies around the world.
  • Westermarck proposed that monogamy is as old as the humanity.
  • It is practiced universally.
    • Provides marital opportunity
    • Satisfaction to all the individuals.
  • It also promotes love and affection between husband and wife.
  • Supposed to b

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Question 118

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Describe the following in 200 words.

Society and Culture

Explanation

Society and Culture

Society

  • Society can be defined as the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community.
  • It is a group of people with common territory, interaction and culture.
  • An individual born in a society is expected to learn certain behaviours and to Honour certain beliefs including the values of that society.

Assimilation

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Question 119

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Describe the following in 200 words.

Social Groups

Explanation

Social Groups

  • When two or more people interact with one another sharing similar characteristics.
  • These groups collectively possess a sense of unity.
  • In simple terms Social groups refer to a collection of human beings sharing social relationships among one another.
  • Existence of sense of unity, common interests including group norms.
  • Often formed due to a

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Question 120

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Discuss the relevance of economic anthropology.

Explanation

Economic Anthropology

  • It is the study of human economic behaviour in its widest historic, geographic and cultural scope.
  • An amalgamation of economics and anthropology.
  • It is the study of economic systems in socio cultural context.

Sub Branches

  • Anthropology of economic history.
  • Anthropology of subsistence economy.
  • Anthropology of peasant economy.
  • Anthropolo

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Question 121

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Write short notes on Holism in Anthropology. (200 Words)

Explanation

Holism in Anthropology

  • Holism can be defined as the idea that various systems should be viewed as a whole.
  • No system should be explained by taking one of its components alone.
  • A progression of behavioural and culture that gave way for self-sufficient economy.

Four Sub-Fields

Four Sub-Fields

Four Sub-Fields

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Physical Anthropology

  • The origins of the human sp

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Question 122

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Describe the following in 200 words.

Functions of Culture

Explanation

Functions of Culture

Culture Distinguishes Man from Animals

Regulates human conduct and prepare them for a group life.

Culture Shapes Personality

  • It provides opportunities for the development of the personality
  • In the absence of cultural environment no child can develop human qualities.

Culture Ensures Solutions to Deal with Complex Problems

  • Men develop a

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Question 123

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Appeared in Year: 2015

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Describe broadly the distribution and general characteristics of Upper Paleolithic Cultures.

Explanation

Upper Paleolithic

  • Also known as late Stone Age.
  • The third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age Evolution of humans.
  • This culture was varied in adaptation.
  • This period dates to it dates to between 50,000 and 12,000 years ago.
  • This period also has the earliest known evidence of organized settlements.
  • The subsistence included massive gam

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Question 124

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Why is the Neolithic phase of culture in Europe called revolution? Describe its distinctive features. (250 Words)

Explanation

Neolithic Phase of Culture in Europe

  • Neolithic Europe is the period when Neolithic technology was present in Europe.
  • Roughly between 7000 BCE (the approximate time of the first farming societies in Greece).
  • To support larger populations, People could use domestication of plants and animals to produce more food on a given area of land.
  • Neolithic revolut

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