Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 87 - 94 of 144

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Question 87

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Appeared in Year: 2019

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Describe the paleolithic culture with specific reference to Soanian traditions. Indicate the problems of describing the Indian Paleolithic.

Explanation

Paleolithic Culture and Soanian Traditions

  • Soan tradition indicated the lower, middle, and upper paleolithic cultures of India. The main features of these eras were cleavers, choppers, and hand axes.
  • The evidence of hand-axes that we find in the Indian sub-continent is similar to western Asia, Africa, and Europe.
  • The earliest evidence of the Paleolith…

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Question 88

Linguistic and Socio-Economic Characteristics
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Distribution of Tibeto- Burman group of languages in India.

Explanation

Tibeto- Burman Group of Languages

  • Tibeto- Burman is the sub-division of Tibeto- Karen linguistic group. This family consists of approximately 250 languages.
  • In India, the frequently talked languages from this group are- Garo, Manipuri, Bodo, Naga, Sikkimese, and Lepcha. However, only 0.62 of the total population in India are known to use these langua…

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Question 89

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Distribution of Neolithic sites in India.

Explanation

Neolithic Sites in India

  • According to the V. Gorgen Childe Neolithic period is known as the Neolithic Revolution.
  • Neolithic sites are scattered all over the subcontinent since as early as 8000 B. C. The first evidence in India was found in Mehrgarh (structure of Mud Bricks) dated to 5100 B. C.

Mesolithic Culture in Four Zones in India

North

  • Burzahom is …

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Question 90

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on “ethnicity and regionalism” in about 150 words

Explanation

Ethnicity and Regionalism

  • Ethnicity is the process of identification of people based on their culture, geography, religion, language, and biological characters. It can be the base of the formation of the nation.

Example 1

  • India is the Hindu secular nation with large Muslim minorities and other smaller minorities. However, religion or ethnicity of the …

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Question 91

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Anthropological understanding of communalism.

Explanation

Communalism and Anthropological Understanding

  • Communalism is the concept which does not provide a universal definition of the phenomenon as it changes with every nation and its culture.
  • In India, it is generally viewed in the negative sense and generally related to the religious violence.

Many anthropologists tried to reason for communalism in the fol…

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Question 92

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically discuss the role of NGO in tribal development.

Explanation

NGO and Tribal Development

  • Non-Government Organization, independent of the government, works for the weaker sector of the society which is not covered or inadequately covered by the government.
  • Tribal population is aided a lot by the N. G. O. regarding various socio-economic, geographical, educational issues.
  • The role of N. G. O. carries crucial weigh…

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Question 93

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Appeared in Year: 2014

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Essay▾

Distinguish between Religion, Magic and Science. 350 words

Explanation

Religion, Magic and Science

  • Religion and Magic are being considered as the tools of adaptation including the survival of men.
  • Science is immensely important in finding out how the world develops.
Religion, Magic and Science

Religion

  • Mystery of the world in terms of spirits and gods.
  • Religion is calendrical.
  • Is public and congregational may turn out to be …

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Question 94

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Appeared in Year: 2015

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Describe the following in 200 words.

What is social stratification? Describe the various types of social stratification and Functions

Explanation

Social Stratification

  • In Social Stratification is one in which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.
  • In simple terms it refers to a society՚s categorization of its people into groups.
  • These groups are based upon socioeconomic factors such as wealth, income, race, education, gender, occupation, social status, etc.
  • Also there is inequality…

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