Optionals IAS Mains Anthropology: Questions 79 - 86 of 144

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Question 79

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Discuss with appropriate example of how tribal unrest maybe understood as emerging out of incompatibility between tribes and the nation-state.

Explanation

Tribal Unrest and its Incompatibility

  • Tribal unrest is not a new phenomenon to India and its socio-political sphere. In the ancient period, the tribal population was almost entirely isolated from the mainstream religious and political settings.
  • Even the Islam invaders left the forest area alone for most of the rulings.
  • Although the situation differs d

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Question 80

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What are the constitutional safeguards to protect the interests of Indian Tribes?

Explanation

Constitutional Safeguards for Indian Tribes

  • Since the start of the colonial rule, the tribal population has become more susceptible to outsiders’ invasions and also to their exploitation.
  • Although the main agenda of British administration was to take full advantage of natural resources of the forest, tribal people became collateral damage.
  • There were

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Question 81

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Critically access the existing planes and programs meant for tribal welfare.

Explanation

Planes and Programs for Tribal Welfare

  • The tribal population is considered to be the most vulnerable population in India in the context of the socio-economic and education sector.
  • The government of India worked on developing them since the first five-year plan. Presently (from 2014) following programs are in the progression-
    • Conversion cum development

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Question 82

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What has been the contribution of tribal people to the Indian independence movement?

Explanation

Tribal People’s Contribution to India’s Independence Movement

  • The tribal life was gravely affected in the colonial era with the new laws against their Forest Dwellings, tax regulations, the administrative force of settlement of the tribal populations, etc.
  • According to historical findings, there were approximately 70 tribal revolts between the period

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Question 83

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Discuss the impact of media on the social life of Indian villages.

Explanation

Impact of Media on the Social life of Indian Villages

  • The media that can affect rural village life is mainly television, radio, and newspaper. Mahatma Gandhi regarded Indian village as the soul of the country.
  • Previously the media was not outreached to the villages and was restricted to the occurrences of the newspaper once in a while.
  • The socio-cultu

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Question 84

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Give an account of the contributions of Iravati Karve and B. S. Guha to the analysis of race and caste in India.

Explanation

Iravati Karve and B. S. Guha’s Contribution to Race and Caste in India

  • Race and caste were the focus of Indian anthropologists when anthropology emerged as the field of inquiry in the Indian subcontinent.
  • Administrative aid is the main reason for such probing. However, many anthropologists contributed to the classification of the races and castes usi

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Question 85

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Identify the theoretical concepts that we have emerged out of village studies in India

Explanation

Theoretical Concepts and Village Studies

  • Village studies have always been an area of interest for the socio-cultural anthropologist.
  • Characteristics of the village include agrarian structure, caste system, division of labor depends on the castes, eminent poverty and lower status of the women.
  • D. N. Majumdar is considered as the father of village studi

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Question 86

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Write notes on the following in about 150 words each.

Ethno-archeological analysis of hunting activities of contemporary tribal communities.

Explanation

Ethno-Archaeological Analysis of Hunting Activities of Contemporary Tribal Communities

  • Hunting and gathering are considered as the reason for the formation of socializing of human beings which was followed by agriculture.
  • Today a very tiny population of the world is practicing this sort of way of living in places such as Tundra, Rain forests, deserts

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