Probity in Governance [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 2 - 7 of 26

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Question 2

Probity in Governance
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

What is meant by public interest? What are the principles and procedures to be followed by the civil servants in public interest? (150 words)

Explanation

  • According to the ‘International Code of Conduct for Public Officials’ has observes some general principles with regard to the public office. The “Public Office” , as defined by national law, is a position of trust, implying a duty to act in the public interest. Therefore, the ultimate loyalty of public officials shall be to the public interests of …

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Question 3

Probity in Governance
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

Distinguish between “Code of ethics” and “Code of conduct” with suitable examples. (150 words) 10 marks

Explanation

  • The Codes of ethics, which govern decision-making, and codes of conduct, which govern actions, represent two common ways that organizations self-regulate.
  • The concept of the Code of Ethics can be considered as follows,
    • It acts like a framework of values with its own principles. The Code of Ethics can be compared to other documents having principles t…

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Question 4

Probity in Governance
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

“The Right to information Act is not all about citizen՚s Empowerment alone, it essentially redefines the concept of accountability.” Discuss. (150 words) 10

Explanation

  • The Right to Information Act 2005 commonly known as RTI is an Act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority.
  • Under the …

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Question 5

Probity in Governance
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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Essay▾

What is meant by conflict of interest? Illustrate with examples, the difference between the actual and potential conflicts of interest. (150 words) 10

Explanation

  • It has been observed that Conflict of interest is found in all situations and among different players; lawyers, judges, Public Administrators, referees etc. all come face to face with conflict of interest. But it is heightened particularly in public sector management because the need to maintain public trust and confidence is critical.
  • As per OECD, …

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Question 6

Probity in Governance
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Ethics in government is critical to realizing the promises of democracy. Discuss how ethics in administration help in realizing the objectives of democracy with relevant examples. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Democracy՚s objective is to ensure rule of people to enhance people՚s welfare i.e.. to bring about socio-economic development, equality, justice, balanced regional development, secularism etc.
  • Democracies are usually run by political and permanent executives. Under the influence of globalization and media perception political executive has been forc…

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Question 7

Probity in Governance
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Appeared in Year: 2019

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Essay▾

Effective utilization of public funds is crucial to meet development goals. Critically examine the reasons for under-utilization and Mis-utilization of public funds and their implications. (150 words) (10 marks)

Explanation

  • When rain comes from above, it reaches the ground as it was sent because it faces no obstructions. India is a vast country and to ensure effective utilization of funds, public servants and authorities have to be at their best.
  • We always come across instances of under-utilization and Mis-utilization of funds. The underlying reasons are as follows:
Utilization of Public Funds

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