Ethics and Human Interface-Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 1 - 4 of 23

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 179 questions. Access all new questions- tracking exam pattern and syllabus. View the complete topic-wise distribution of questions. Unlimited Access, Unlimited Time, on Unlimited Devices!

View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 600.00 -OR-

How to register? Already Subscribed?

Question 1

Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

“Max Weber said that it is not wise to apply to public administration the sort of moral and ethical norms we apply to matters of personal conscience. It is important to realize that the state bureaucracy might possess its own independent bureaucratic morality.” Critically analyze this statement.

Explanation

  • Max Weber believed that for a bureaucratic setup to be really efficient and effective it should uphold the principle of objectivity, minimize conflict of interests and follow standard procedures. This may even mean over-riding conflicting moral and ethical aspects of personal conscience.
  • For example, a public procurement process typically involves R…

… (152 more words) …

Question 2

Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

What is meant by environmental ethics? Why is it important to study? Discuss an one environmental issue from the viewpoint of environmental ethics.

Explanation

  • Environmental ethics is the moral and ethical relationship of human beings to the environment.
  • At present the world is a facing extreme challenges such as global warming, climate change, ozone layer depletion.
  • We can ensure that we are doing our part to keep the environment safe and protected.
  • Pollution, overpopulation, industrial and household waste,…

… (171 more words) …

Passage

You are the District Magistrate in a district where a significant number of transgenders reside. While discrimination against the community is well known, commuters increasingly complain of harassment at their hands, especially at traffic junctions where transgenders are mostly involved in begging. This, at times, also leads to traffic management issues. You have received a number of complaints in this regard and you have to act quickly to resolve it. However, a group of transgender associations argue that begging is their only source of livelihood.

Given the situation, answer the following questions:

Question 3 (1 of 1 Based on Passage)

Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
Edit

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

Also give reasons for why people Harbour such attitudes

Explanation

Reasons for such attitude;

  • We belong to a heterosexual, patriarchal society. In such a societal setup, gender and sex are only understood within the binaries of men and women, and masculine and feminine. As a result, all the other sexual and gender minorities are considered un-natural and different from the commonly accepted “normal” way of being.
  • Du…

… (138 more words) …

Question 4

Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Actions
Edit

Appeared in Year: 2014

Describe in Detail

Essay▾

You are travelling in a government bus to attend a very important job interview. In one hour you should be present at the interview venue. The bus is very congested. Luckily you are seated. From your seat you observe that a middle aged man standing next to a girl is touching and trying to molest her. The girl is silently resisting and trying to move away from him. But the man is continuing his actions. As the bus is congested, nobody is noticing this except you.

If you do not do anything, which values will you be compromising?

Explanation

If I were to do nothing about such an appalling act of sexual harassment, I would be compromising on core ethical values;

  • Respect: Respect is all about honouring the essential worth and dignity of each person, equally. When I choose to stay quiet, I am disrespecting the girl՚s dignity of being.
  • Responsibility: Responsibility means being accountable f…

… (143 more words) …