Ethics and Human Interface [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 34 - 40 of 53

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Question 34

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Education is the ability to listen to almost anything without losing your temper or your self-confidence. What do you understand by the statement? Illustrate with real life example. (150 Words)

Explanation

Education plays a very important role in developing a good personality. It increases intellectual growth, will give a person many lessons as to differentiate between right and wrong, gives a chance to develop self-confidence as people are open to new ideas and learn new things etc.

  • Education is said to make people more tolerant by enhancing their kn

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Question 35

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Is the campaign of naming and shaming of sexual offenders an ethical and appropriate way to bring justice to victims? Discuss the ethical issues involved in such campaigns. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Naming And Shaming campaigns are used in order to punish the rule breakers and to deter others from following the same path. Many a times campaign like MeToo for university teachers, people going for open defecation or not having toilets in home, bank defaulters are named and shamed in order to fast track the process of law implementat

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Question 36

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Enacting a law prohibiting torture is both a moral imperative and a pragmatic necessity. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Torture refers to the use of physical force or violence in order to get conviction or some information. There is a growing demand for a law to prohibit torture.

Moral Reasons:

  • It damages integrity of being human. Therefore, this is in essence against Article 21 of the constitution.
  • It treats human life as a means to an end, than an end in

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Question 37

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What did Nehru mean when he said that only when we are politically and economically free, will the mind function normally and critically? Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

In the poem Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high; where the knowledge is free Rabindranath Tagore held that in a truly free country every person should be fearless and should have a sense of self dignity and everybody should be allowed to acquire knowledge through education. This imbibes rational thinking and provides a judgment

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Question 38

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Discuss the ethical issues involved in the recent boiler explosion at NTPC’s Unchahar power plant in Rae Bareli. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

The recent incidence of NTPC Unchahar power plant in Rae Bareli took toll of 32 people and caused severe injuries to security personal.

The ethical issues involved in it stems from various concerns:

  • Lack of legal accountability: The basic objective of the Indian Boilers Act, 1923 is to ensure the safety of life and protection of property

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Question 39

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Is cheating unethical? Examine why do people cheat. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction

  • Cheating, misconduct, deception and other forms of unethical behaviour are widespread today, not just in business but in sports, government, schools, and many other arenas.
  • While the media often focuses on extreme cases of cheating and sensational scams (such as Bihar cheating cases in past), less attention is paid to what researchers ca

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Question 40

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Why shouldn’t khap panchayats and the society at large interfere in the life choices of individuals regarding marriage and love? Justify. (150 Words)

Explanation

The Supreme Court’s latest observation that khap panchayats should not act as though they are conscience keepers of society and that no one should interfere in relationships between adults brings in to light the issue of marriage and love in India.

  • Hindu mythology has so many instances about love be it Radha Krishna, Shiv Parvathi who are worshipped

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