Ethics and Human Interface [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 26 - 33 of 53

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Question 26

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“Real integrity is doing the right thing, knowing that nobody՚s going to know whether you did it or not.” Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

John wooden stated that A Person՚s True Character Is Revealed by What He Does When No One Is Watching. This is becoming almost impossible to achieve in the social media world where most of the people thrive for attention and recognition. For instance, any small achievement is posted on twitter and Facebook attracting the attention of thousands and …

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Question 27

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One of the tests of integrity is complete refusal to be compromised. Explain with reference to a real-life example. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Integrity is the consistency between one՚s thoughts, words and actions. It is required in personal life and for a civil servant in order to be aligned to the core principles in life. Being integrated with principles of truth, efficiency, service and putting Organisational, public interests above personal interests is required.
  • As Alan S…

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Question 28

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Examine the ethical issues involved in protests against the release of movie Padmavati.

(150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

Padmavati is the latest Bollywood film about the Rajput Queen Rani Padmavati. It has been involved in various controversies since it՚s shooting.

There Are Many Ethical Issues Involved:

  • Issues of freedom of speech and expression: It is one of the fundamental rights granted by Indian constitution and such protest encroach it under name of …

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Question 29

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“The imposing tower of misery which today rests on the heart of India has its sole foundation in the absence of education.” Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Education plays an important role in one՚s life.
  • It helps us to be rational, tolerant, social, to uphold attributes of empathy, love, compassion, women empowerment equality for all, solidarity benevolence, secularism, brotherhood etc.
  • In this respect, education should be holistic as envisaged by Gandhiji in Wardha scheme in which vocatio…

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Question 30

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Appeared in Year: 2013

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What do you understand by values and ethics? In what way is it important to be ethical along with being professionally competent?

Explanation

  • Values are basic, fundamental beliefs that guide our actions or motivate our attitudes.
  • While attitude is temporary and directs towards an object or a person, values dictate our overall behaviour.
  • Values are fundamentally organized around what is considered universally good.
  • Those actions that are considered desirable and beneficial for oneself and ot…

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Question 31

Ethics and Human Interface
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Gender inequality begins with separation, and desensitisation to it at homes and schools. Comment. (150 Words)

Explanation

Home is where the heart is. But it՚s also the first place where children are socialized into gender norms, values and stereotypes. From the moment babies are born, their assigned sex (male or female) immediately begins to shape how they should be treated, what opportunities they should receive or how they should behave according to dominant gender …

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Question 32

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Is torture unethical? Justify. (150 Words)

Explanation

Introduction:

  • Torture is inflicting pain or injury to a living entity mentally, physically or emotionally. It is practiced as a deterrence, punishment or revenge etc. Torture can be formal or informal. The prisoners, anti-social elements like terrorists experience formal torture inflicted by authorities but in day to day life one can experience tort…

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Question 33

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You are aspiring to become an IAS officer and you have cleared various stages and now you have been selected for the personal interview. Night before the interview, you are having dinner with your wife in a restaurant. Next to your table, suddenly a group of goons headed by a son of local MLA starts beating an innocent person. They are hitting him hard with certain weapons and the person is pleading for help. Others in the restaurant either run away or witnessing the scene mutely. Your wife is scared and wants to move away from the place. At the same time few of the goons are scaring away other customers and staff there. One of them comes to you and warns you to not to talk about the incident anywhere. What would you have done in such a situation? Justify your action. (250 Words)

Explanation

In the given situation the stakeholders involved are the victim who is being thrashed, people in the restaurant, myself, my wife and the goons.

Ethical Issues and Conflict of Values in this Case:

  • Lack of value to human life – This is visible when goons are thrashing the victim
  • Misuse of Power – MLA son taking law into hands
  • Lack of responsibility by th…

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