Ethics and Human Interface [IAS (Admin.) IAS Mains GS Paper 4 (Ethics)]: Questions 18 - 22 of 53

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Question 18

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Differentiate between honesty and integrity. What do you think is more important? Can there be any case for conflict between the two. Discuss. (15 Marks)

Explanation

  • Honesty is the virtue of being truthful in intentions, thoughts, words and actions. When there is convergence between the three, then the individual is said to be intellectually honest.
  • Integrity is the virtue of not bowing to any pressures or pulls and adhering to your values and ethics in your behaviour.
  • Both honesty and integrity are important; be…

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Question 19

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Moral values arc relative values that protect life and are respectful of the dual life value of self and others. Courage can become foolish martyrdom, commitment can become irrational fanaticism, and Honour can become self-righteousness, conceit, and disrespect for others. Do you agree? Substantiate with relevant examples. (15 marks)

Explanation

  • Moral values are always individualistic preference and they are always relative, never universalistic or absolute in character.
  • They cannot remain absolute and never changing. Individual՚s behaviour is modified according to the demand of the situations and on such circumstances, he cannot adhere to his values adamantly and thus chooses the right cou…

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Question 20

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Define consciousness. Does it necessarily result in inculcation of values? Discuss. (10 Marks)

Explanation

  • Consciousness is the ability of an individual to differentiate between what is right and wrong, based upon his intelligence, his inner voice.
  • This voice of consciousness is also developed as a result of the thought process of person, which is heavily influenced by his socialization, his upbringing, his education, his environment etc.
  • Consciousness ma…

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Question 21

Ethics and Human Interface
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Ethics, most broadly, is the study of human behaviour and its consequences in the light of what is ideally possible. Discuss the relevance of ethics in determining the actions of human beings by providing examples from your life experiences. (10 marks) .

Explanation

  • Ethics are the traditions, customs, norms etc. of the society, which may have a foundation which can be moral or amoral. Ethics deal with the human behaviour in context of others they provide the guidelines of human behaviour in a social setting. Therefore, ethical standouts determine the actions of human being to a large extent in choosing what is…

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Question 22

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Appeared in Year: 2019

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What are the basic principles of public life? Illustrate any three with suitable examples. (150 words) (10 marks)

Explanation

  • The aspects of social life which are happening in public as opposed to private interactions within families, private clubs, etc. are referred to as public life.
  • As part of public services, civil servants are always in the open, interacting with public.
  • The Nolan committee put forth seven principles of public life which serve as a guide for civil serv…

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